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Bitka kod Sattelberga, 29. oktobra-25. novembra 1943

Bitka kod Sattelberga, 29. oktobra-25. novembra 1943

Bitka kod Sattelberga, 29. oktobra-25. novembra 1943

U bitci kod Sattelberga (29. listopada-25. studenog 1943.) australske su trupe zauzele snažno branjenu japansku poziciju u brdima sjeverozapadno od Finschhafena i pomogle im u osiguravanju položaja na istočnom vrhu poluotoka Huon.

Australijska 9. divizija iskrcala se sjeverno od Finschhafena 22. septembra 1943. Napredovali su prema jugu i zauzeli luku 2. oktobra. General Adachi, zapovjednik 18. japanske armije, bio je odlučan u namjeri da zadrži Finschhafen i naredio je trupama u tom području da odmah izvedu kontranapad. Ovo je počelo 16. oktobra, a neke japanske trupe su zapravo uspjele probiti se do obale između Finschhafena i glavne australijske desantne plaže. Uprkos tim ranim uspjesima, Japancima je počelo ponestajati snage, pa su 19. oktobra bili prisiljeni napustiti uzvisine u blizini obale. Njihovo uporište na obali ubrzo je eliminirano, a preživjeli u napadu morali su se povući natrag u Sattelberg.

Nakon neuspjeha japanskog protunapada, Australijanci su se uspjeli vratiti u ofenzivu. I dalje su držali prilično uski obalni pojas, koji je išao sjeverno od Finschhafena pored Scarlet Beacha, pa sve do Bonge. Imali su i izoliranu predstražu u Jivevanengu, na putu zapadno od obale prema Sattelbergu.

Japanci su držali uzvišenje oko Sattelberga, područje sjeverno od Sattelberga do Wareoa, i greben koji je išao istočno od Wareoa do Gusike, na obali samo sjeverno od Bonge. Takođe su još uvijek imali blokadu puteva istočno od Jivevanenga, kojom je upravljala četa iz 80. puka.

Australijski napad uključio je tri brigade koje se sada nalaze u oblasti Finschhafen. 24. brigada postavljena je na sjever, sa zadatkom da presiječe japansku stazu između Wareoa i Guisike. 20. brigada trebala je ukloniti japansku blokadu. 26. je imao zadatak očistiti visove Sattelberga. Četvrta brigada je također premještena na to područje radi pojačanja 9. divizije.

20. brigada imala je težak zadatak. Japanci su bili dobro ukopani, na strmom grebenu, zaštićeni strmom klisurom na sjeveru i okruženi bambusom koji je djelovao kao sistem ranog upozoravanja. Napad je počeo 29. oktobra kada je grupa iz 2/13 bataljona zauzela položaj sjeverno od japanske ispostave. Slijedi napad na japansku rutu opskrbe u predstražu. Konačno, napadnuta je i sama ispostava, a put je do 2. novembra put bio očišćen. Ovo je sada omogućilo 26. brigadi da se popne u napad na Sattelberg.

26. je podržano sa devet tenkova Matilda, koji više nisu bili oružje prve linije protiv Nijemaca, ali savršeno sposobni za djelovanje protiv Japanaca. Polako su se kretali uz Sattelberg cestu i do noći sa 9. na 10. novembar bili su na položaju istočno od Sattelberga. Tenkovi su pomogli brigadi u prvom dijelu ofenzive, ali ih je teren spriječio da učestvuju u posljednjem napadu na Sattelberg.

Brigadir Whitehead, zapovjednik 26. brigade, planirao je napad s tri bataljona u redu. 2./24. Napredovalo bi desno, prema poznatom japanskom uporištu. 2/48. Će pratiti cestu, a 2/23. Će napredovati lijevo. 2./23. Se zatim pridružila 2/4. Eskadrila Commando prije početka napada. Dan D za napad određen je za 17. novembar, a preliminarni napadi za 16. novembar. Kao i uvijek na Novoj Gvineji, teren je dominirao savezničkim planovima. Cesta Sattelberg išla je zapadno duž jednog grebena, a zatim skrenula oštro desno da pređe dolinu prije nego što se popela uz strmi greben Sattelberg do sela. To bi bio put kojim bi prolazili središnji i lijevi bataljon. Desni bataljon trebao je prijeći na paralelni greben (obilježje 2.200), a zatim napredovati prema zapadu prema Sattelbergu.

Napad D-1 počeo je artiljerijskim bombardiranjem koje je počelo 16. novembra, a izvela su ga dva puka artiljerije. Pešadija je ubrzo zaostala za artiljerijskim rasporedom, ali su zauzeli svoje glavne mete za taj dan.

Na sam dan D napad su podržali tenkovi Matilda i paljba američkih raketa. Napad je započeo na vrijeme, sa tenkom naoružanim haubicama u vođstvu, nakon čega je uslijedio tenkovski tenk i pješadija. Tenkovi su trebali preuzeti jake japanske bunkere, dok ih je pješadija štitila od napadača. Ujutro je napredovanje prošlo dobro, ali oko podne je olovni rezervoar imobiliziran nakon što je naletio na neeksplodiranu australijsku granatu od 25 metala dnevno. Spremnik se zaglavio odmah iza ugla, tako da drugi tenkovi nisu mogli proći ni odvući ga. Pješadija je nastavila napredovati bez tenkova i postigla određeni napredak prije nego što je naišla na jaku japansku poziciju koja ih je zadržala. Do kraja dana i 23. i 2. 24. zaglavili su se na pozicijama do kojih su došli u podne, a nijedan nije postigao svoje glavne ciljeve za taj dan. U sljedećih nekoliko dana 2/23. Će ostvariti određeni napredak na lijevoj strani, ali 2,24. Će ostati zadržano na 2200 Feature. 2./28. Je ostvarilo veći napredak, ali je i dalje bilo zaglavljeno.

18. novembra Japanci su se povukli iz Coconut Grove -a, mete 2/23. Na putu je napadnuta 2/48, opet podržana tenkovima, i ovaj put su stigli do Coconut Grove -a gdje su završili dan. Tenkovi su 19. novembra naletjeli na protutenkovski jarak koji ih je držao neko vrijeme. Nakon što je ova barijera prevladana, napredovanje se nastavljalo sve dok teren konačno nije pobijedio tenkove. Dan je završio uspješnim pješadijskim napadom na strmo brdo prekriveno prvom upotrebom fougasse -a (bubanj od 5 galona napunjen zapaljivim uljima) na Novoj Gvineji. 20. novembra nastavlja se napredovanje zapadno uz cestu, a 21. novembra Australijanci su probili japanske linije na Steeple Tree Hillu. Tada nije bilo protivljenja sve dok napredujuće trupe nisu stigle do prve krivine na cesti. Do kraja dana Australijanci su bili spremni za napad na sam greben Sattelberg.

Početkom 22. novembra, 2. i 23. i 2/48. bili su na skretanju, gdje je put skrenuo na sjever kako bi se popeo na greben Sattelberg. 2./24. Je još uvijek bio zaglavljen na Feature 2200 na istoku, i tamo će ostati do 25. novembra. Dana 22. novembra 2/23. Napredovalo je prema sjeverozapadu, dok je 2/48. Napredovalo putem. Obje jedinice su sporo napredovale, ali su se zatvorile na glavnom japanskom položaju. Izviđači su 23. novembra otkrili put preko doline desno od ceste, dopuštajući im da izvedu iznenadni napad uz jugoistočni ugao grebena. Australci su 24. novembra konačno uspjeli izaći na vrh nakon dana vrlo zbunjene borbe.

Ovo je konačno uvjerilo Japance da se povuku na sjever prema Wareou, njihovom posljednjem velikom položaju u unutrašnjosti. Ujutro 25. novembra, Australci su neometano ušli u Sattelberg, dok je zastoj također prekinut oko položaja 2200.

Na sjeveru, 24. brigada je 19. novembra zauzela Pabu blokirajući prugu Gusika-Wareo. Ovo je bio glavni japanski put opskrbe, a oni su odgovorili tjednom kontranapadom. Izveli su i veliki napad prema obali između Grimizne plaže i Bonge. Napad je počeo 22. novembra, ali nije postigao pravi napredak. Nekoliko dana kasnije pojačanje je stiglo do izoliranih australskih trupa u Pabuu. Ovaj sekundarni napad uvelike je pomogao napadu na Sattelberg poremetivši planirani japanski protunapad.

Zauzimanje Sattelberga pomoglo je osigurati plažu u Finschhafenu. Također je nanio veliku štetu japanskom moralu na Novoj Gvineji i vidio neuspjeh posljednjih velikih kontranapada velikih razmjera na poluotoku Huon. Iako su Japanci izveli napade kasnije u kampanji, obično su imali manje ambiciozne ciljeve od napada u blizini Finschhafena.

Padom Sattelberga nisu prestale borbe na poluotoku Huon. Sljedeća meta Australijanaca bio je Wareo, sjeverno od Sattelberga, posljednje kopnene baze koju su držali Japanci na istočnom kraju poluotoka Huon.


Historijski događaji 25. novembra

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Boxing Title Fight

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1980. Imran Khan postiže svoju prvu probnu točku kriketa, 123 u WI Lahore

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Imenovanje od interesa

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1986. A Jose Jose Canseco osvojio je AL novaka godine

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1986. Izbija afera Iran-Contra, predsjednik Reagan otkriva tajni dogovor o oružju

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Izbori od interesa

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Album Pustiti

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Bitka kod Sattelberga, 29. oktobar -25. novembar 1943. - Historija

  • Dobrovoljačke milicije Južne Australije 1854-1856
  • Adelaide Rifles
  • Adelaidska pukovnija dobrovoljačkih pušaka
  • Južnoaustralske dobrovoljačke milicije 1859-1866
  • Dobrovoljci puške princa Alfreda 1867
  • Vojvoda od Edinburga
  • Dobrovoljačke vojne snage Južne Australije (ponovno podignute) 1877
  • Vojvoda od Edinburga, vlastiti dobrovoljac puške princa Alfreda. 1877
  • Puk Adelaide Puške
  • 10. australijski pješadijski puk 1901
  • Pješadijski puk Južne Australije 1901
  • Škotsko pješaštvo u Južnoj Australiji (Mount Gambier)
  • G četa (škotski) pješački puk Južne Australije.
  • 74. do 82. pješadijski bataljon Australijske građanske vojske 1912
  • 74. pješadijski puk
  • 10., 27., 43., 48. i 50. bataljon AIF
  • 2/10th, 2/27th, 2/43rd, 2/48th Bataljoni AIF
  • 1. bataljon, RSAR

Naša rana istorija 1860-1914


Kraljevski puk u Južnoj Australiji datira od jedinice lokalne milicije koja je osnovana kao odbrambena snaga za koloniju Južna Australija 4. novembra 1854. Tog dana objavljeno je opće naređenje kojim se Južnoaustralijska dobrovoljačka milicija mora organizirati u dva bataljona. biti poznata kao puške Adelaide. Svaki bataljon trebao se sastojati od zapovjednika (potpukovnika), šest kapetana, potporučnika i zastavnika i šest četa od 50 do 60 vojnika, svaki sa tri narednika i kaplara. Obuka je započela krajem 1854. godine, a do 2. augusta, nakon 36 dana sa skraćenim radnim vremenom, bataljoni su se smatrali „obučenima“ i slali na svoja civilna radna mjesta do poziva. Ovi bataljoni su rasformirani 1856. godine, vjerovatno kao odgovor na isparavanje ugrožene invazije Rusije na Australiju po okončanju mira u Krimskom ratu.

Zbog slabe koordinacije, obuke i mušketiranja, Bataljon je raspušten u ožujku 1866., a ponovno je formiran u svibnju 1866. nakon što je vlada Južne Australije donijela "Zakon o dobrovoljcima" (1865-6) koji je podijelio stalne vojne snage na aktivne i rezervne snage. Prva škotska jedinica pojavila se otprilike u to vrijeme (1866) na jugoistoku Južne Australije.

Dana 16. novembra 1867. godine puk dobrovoljačkih pušaka u Adelaidi preimenovan je u & quot Dobrovoljci puške princa Alfreda .

& quot Nažalost, ovaj puk je ubrzo nakon toga raspušten. Škotska kompanija postala je & quot To & quot; 18. novembra iste godine. Izbijanjem rata u Francuskoj 1870. godine, guverner Južne Australije smatrao je prikladnim da se pozabavi pitanjem odbrane Južne Australije. Sir James Ferguson podnio je plan za stvaranje dva bataljona od 500 do 600 ljudi, dvije baterije i četiri konjice. Ovaj prijedlog naišao je na malu naklonost političara, osim nekolicine koji su u njemu vidjeli rješenje za stanje nezaposlenosti u državi. No, financije su konačno ograničile daljnje širenje milicijskih snaga Južne Australije.


Međutim 1875-77 ponovno je došlo do obnavljanja interesa za odbranu države. Strah od ruske ekspanzije u Australiju kao rezultat širenja rusko-turskog rata izazvao je snažne kampanje štampe i raznih članova zajednice za ponovno podizanje odbrambenih snaga. 1877. godine ponovo su uspostavljene dobrovoljačke vojne snage Južne Australije. Ovo je dovelo do podizanja pušaka Adelaide (koje se sastoje od 10 kompanija) u maju 1877. Međutim, političke svađe između vršioca dužnosti administratora i uskoro guvernera, ser Williama F.D. Jervois i časni premijer John Cotton vidjeli su kako su ustrojeni i organizirani vojni organi, ali nisu zaustavljeni. Ubrzo se puške Adelaide sastojale od 21 satnije, a 4. jula 1877. odlučeno je da će se drugi bataljon formirati razdvajanjem izvornog bataljona na pola. Ovaj drugi bataljon preuzeo je čete sa planine Gambier, Unley i Port Pirie zajedno sa dobrovoljcima princa Alfreda puške vojvode od Edinburga.

Puk Adelaide puške bio je sljedeći:
Prvi bataljon CO LTCOL Lewis G. Madley: 2. bataljon CO LTCOL Frank Makin Njihove uniforme bile su grimizne sa zelenim oblogama, a pukovnijski moto je bio "Unija je snaga." (Treći bataljon je podignut 1889. godine, ali je apsorbovan u druga dva bataljona u 1895.)

Tokom rata u Južnoj Africi (1899.-1901.), Pripadnici različitih pukova Južne Australije služili su kao dobrovoljci australijskog kontingenta. Kao rezultat toga, i kao priznanje za njihovu službu, njihovim pukovima predstavljene su kraljevske (sada kraljičine) boje. Godine 1910. Lord Kitchener predstavio je obaveznu vojnu obuku kao dio Zakona o odbrani iz 1910. Dobivena sila postala je poznata kao Australijska građanska vojska, a podignuta je obaveznom vojnom obukom za muškarce starije od 18 godina. postepeno se podizalo, pa je do 1912. godine u Južnoj Australiji postojalo devet pješačkih pukova, numeriranih uzastopno od 74 do 82.

Sama Južna Australija postala je 4. vojna oblast, kojom je komandovao pukovnik H. LeMesurier. Ponovo su bataljoni ponovo numerisani. Pješaštvo Južne Australije postaje 74. pješački puk koji pokriva jugoistočno od južne Australije do viktorijanske granice. 74. pješadije trebao je zapovijedati LTCOL Walter Dollman (kasnije istaknut kao AIF 27. bataljona CO tokom Prvog svjetskog rata). Između LTCOL Dollman -a i COL -a Lennon Raws -a (CO 10. australijski pješadijski puk CO

Bataljoni su ostali 10. i 74. do izbijanja rata u Evropi. 10. je prvi isplovio iz Adelaide, u studenom 1914., a novopodignuti 27. bataljon trebao je uslijediti početkom 1915. godine.

Pješadijske jedinice Milicije bile su prije Prvog svjetskog rata.

Prvi bataljoni AIF -a iz Južne Australije, koji se sastojali od 10., 27., 43., 48. i 50. bataljona, podignuti su (formirani) 1914. godine, a svi su rasformirani 1919. godine.

Drugi bataljoni AIF -a, koji su se sastojali od 2./10., 2./27., 2./43. i 2./48., podignuti su 1939. i svi su se rasformirali nakon Drugog svjetskog rata.

Treba napomenuti da RSAR ne predstavlja četiri druge pješadijske jedinice u kojima su služili vojnici Južne Australije, ali čiji su štabovi bili u drugim državama, uglavnom u Zapadnoj Australiji i Tasmaniji. Ove jedinice su bile 12., 16., 32. i 52. bataljon.

Povezivanje RSAR-a s gore navedenim jedinicama proizlazi iz reorganizacije vojske 1921. godine, gdje su jedinice milicije, čija je historija bila usklađena s dobrovoljačkim snagama pred Federacijom, bile usklađene i preimenovane u 1. jedinice AIF-a koje su imale raspušten je 1919. Poravnanje je bilo proizvoljno, primjer za to je 50. bataljon, koji je, iako podijeljen od 10. bataljona u Prvom svjetskom ratu, bio usklađen s 80. pukom Wakefield, čiji su pripadnici služili u Južnoj Africi, pa je stoga i obrazloženje za ova jedinica ima takvu bitku.

Važno je ne zbunjivati ​​bataljone milicija koji su postojali tokom Drugog svjetskog rata sa njihovim imenjacima iz 2. AIF -a. Drugi AIF je podignut nezavisno od milicije, usvojivši jedinice jedinica državne milicije koje su tada postojale. 27. škotski bataljon SA, koji se ne treba miješati s drugim/27. bataljonom, služio je u jugozapadnom Pacifiku i bio je jedini bataljon milicije SA koji je služio u inostranstvu. Nijedan drugi bataljon milicije SA nije vidio aktivnu službu u inostranstvu. Bataljoni milicije služili su kao bataljoni domobrane: 48. bataljon, ne treba miješati s drugim/48. bataljonom, služio je kao protivavionska jedinica na kopnu Australije tokom Drugog svjetskog rata. Kada je 1. bataljon, RSAR kasnije podijeljen na 10. i 27. bataljon, pojedini bataljoni RSAR -a usvojili su lozu odgovarajućeg bataljona.

10. i 27. bataljon povezani su u nedjelju, 29. novembra 1987. godine, kako bi oformili 10./27. bataljon Kraljevski puk Južne Australije, ili 10./27. RSAR.

Fotografije na ovoj stranici korištene su uz ljubazno dopuštenje Kraljevske pukovnije Južne Australije, izložene u kasarni Vojnog muzeja Keswick, Južna Australija.

Naše boje su učestvovale u stogodišnjici vojne parade ispred australijskog ratnog spomenika, Canberra, 2001.

Sve časne bitke ukrašene bojama kraljice i pukovnije bataljona rezultat su učešća našeg bataljona u bitkama ili kampanjama. Kao rezultat povezivanja bataljona, posjedujemo dva seta boja. Oba kompleta Boja bataljona prikazuju 21 pojedinačnu bitku, ali bataljon ima preko četrdeset takvih počasti. (Budući da Bataljon u svojoj ponosnoj istoriji ima toliko borbenih počasti, tražena je dozvola da se neke od ovih počasti istaknu u boji Queens. To što je to odobreno velika je čast za Bataljon.)

Borbene počasti na kraljičinim i pukovnijskim bojama bataljona koje čine kraljevski puk u Južnoj Australiji su identične. (tj. 10. bataljon i 27. bataljon trenutno čine RSAR.) Jedine razlike između boja bataljona su broj bataljona u rimskim brojevima i boje kraljice 43. bataljona na australijskoj zastavi, a ne na zastavi Unije. Kraljičine boje 43. bataljona nalaze se na australijskoj zastavi zbog promjena u dizajnu kraljičine boje koje je odobrila Nj.KV, kraljica Elizabeta II 1969. godine.

Kraljičine i pukovnijske boje 10. bataljona,

Kraljičine i pukovnijske boje 27. bataljona,

  • Litani
  • Sidon
  • Adlun
  • Damour
  • Odbrana Tobruka
  • Istaknuta 1941
  • El Alamein
  • Jugozapadni Pacifik 1942-45
  • Buna-Gona
  • Gona
  • Rt Endaiadere-Sinemi Creek
  • Sanananda-Cape Killerton
  • Milne Bay
  • Oslobođenje Australijske Nove Gvineje
  • Shaggy Ridge
  • Efogi-Menari
  • Finschafen
  • Kokoda Trail
  • Dolina Ramu
  • Sattelberg
  • Borneo
  • Balikpapan

Victoria Cross je najveće australijsko priznanje za hrabrost u borbi. Prvobitno su bili izliveni od metala ruskih topova zarobljenih tokom Krimskog rata 1854-6. Kraljevski puk Južne Australije tvrdi da ima najmanje 10 dobitnika ove visoko cijenjene medalje. Spisak dobitnika i kratak sinopsis njihovih citata pojavljuju se u nastavku.

Poručnik Arthur Seaforth Blackburn,
10. bataljon odlikovan je Viktorijinim križem 23. jula 1916. u mjestu Pozieres, Francuska.
Blackburn se pridružio 10. bataljonu 19. augusta 1914. godine. Učestvovao je u desantu na Galipoli 25. aprila 1915. godine, a u augustu 1915. je postavljen za drugog poručnika. Sa bataljonom je otišao u Francusku, gdje je učestvovao u napadu na Somme kod Pozieresa. Trebao se pridružiti 9. bataljonu sa svojom četom kako bi podržao napredovanje pod jakom vatrom. Blackburn je napravio četiri uzastopne grupe bombardovanja, od kojih su mnoge poginule. Neprijateljsko uporište je uništeno i zauzeto je preko 350 metara rova. Za ovaj podvig, poručnik Blackburn je odlikovan Viktorijinim križem.
Corporal Phillip Davey , 10th Battalion was awarded the Victoria Cross on 28th June 1918 at Merris, France. Davey joined the 10th Battalion on 22nd December 1914. He joined the Battalion with the first reinforcements two weeks before the landing at Gallipoli. He contracted enteric fever while there and was evacuated home. In June 1916 he re-embarked for France with the 18th Reinforcements, and arrived at the Battalion on 3rd October of that year. He was promoted Corporal on the 24th April 1918.
On 28th June, while at Merris, his platoon came under heavy fire from almost point-blank range. Many were killed, and Davey single-handedly attacked the enemy machinegun with bombs. Returning for more bombs, he finally took the position, killing eight crew, then turning the gun on the enemy. In doing so he foiled a counter-attack. For his bravery and initiative, Corporal Davey was awarded the Victoria Cross.
Private Reginald Roy Inwood , 10th Battalion, was awarded the Victoria Cross on the night of the 20-21 September 1917 at Polygon Wood, east of Ypres, Belgium. On 20 October 1914, he embarked for Egypt, took part in the Landing at Gallipoli, and later served with the 10th Battalion in France. It was during the Battle of Menin Road that Pte Inwood won his VC.
11th Battalion captured the first objective, 12th Battalion the second and 9th and 10th Battalions the third. Inwood went out alone to destroy an enemy strongpoint. Instead, he captured nine prisoners, killed several others and allowed the advance to continue to the third objective.
The next morning Inwood and a member of 7th Battalion, went out against an enemy machinegun which was causing casualties. They crept up behind the gun, and captured the gun after bombing the crew. The surviving crewman was forced to carry the gun back to Australian lines.
Private Joergen Christian Jensen 50th Battalion, was born in Loegstoer, Denmark and migrated to Australia with his family in 1909. He was to be awarded the Victoria Cross on 2nd April 1917 at Norieul, France.
Claiming to be a labourer, Jensen enlisted in Adelaide on 23rd March 1915, and was posted to 10th Battalion as a reinforcement. He served with 10th Battalion on Gallipoli, and went to France with them. He was wounded in August 1916, and on his return to active service, was posted to 50th Battalion.
At 0530, 2 April 1917, the 50th and 51st Battalions attacked an 'Outpost Village' at Norieul. The advance on the right flank was checked by an enemy machine-gun and forty-five men in a strongpoint. The gunner at the post was shot, enabling Jensen to get close enough to bluff the enemy from that position, and another nearby, into believing they were surrounded. He then stood up on the parapet, waving his helmet until the firing and shelling ceased. He then ordered his prisoners to Australian lines. Norieul fell the next day in heavy fighting.
Private James Park Woods 48th Battalion, was awarded his Victoria Cross near Le Verguier, North-west of St Quentin, on 18th September 1918. Born in Gawler, in 1891, Woods was employed as a vigneron in Caversham Western Australia at the time of his enlistment on 29th September 1916. Posted as a reinforcement to 48th Battalion, arriving at their position on 13th September 1917.
Woods won his VC during the attack on the Hindenberg Line. His unit succeeded in capturing 480 prisoners along with the first objective. 46th Battalion fought through, and was subsequently held up on the right flank. A Company of 48th Battalion was sent to their aid, and Woods and three Compadres conducted a reconnaissance. Locating a strongly held enemy position, with excellent fields of fire, Woods attacked. At least thirty enemy soldiers fled, leaving behind a four heavy and two light machineguns. They held the position against a strong counterattack, Woods lay on the parapet throwing bombs that were passed up to him. This continued until help arrived and consolidated the position.
Sergeant Thomas Currie Derrick 2nd/48th Battalion was awarded the Victoria Cross at Sattelberg, New Guinea on 24 November 1943. Derrick enlisted on 5 July 1940 and was allotted to the 2nd/48th Battalion. He was promoted Corporal on 11th July 1941 while serving in Tobruk, North Africa. He was awarded a DCM on 20th July, 1941, and was promoted Sergeant on the 28th July. He was wounded at El Alamein, and was to rejoin his unit in the Ramu and Markham Valleys.
During the advance, near Sattelberg, about 600m from the summit, Derrick's Company was ordered to outflank a strongly held and well-sighted Japanese position. Each attempt was thwarted by the accuracy of the fire. Derrick went forward ahead of his section, and grenaded a Machinegun nest. He ordered his second section to advance. They were held up by six more enemy posts. Derrick again went forward, throwing grenade after grenade at the enemy posts, causing them to flee leaving behind weapons and grenades. Four more times, Derrick was to advance, throw grenades, and silence enemy positions. By 10.00am that morning, the Australian Flag was hoisted over Sattelberg.
Private Percival Eric Gratwick , 2nd 48th Battalion, was awarded the Victoria Cross on 25-6 October 1942 during the Battle of El Alamein.
Gratwick's Company was advancing on the left flank and was forced to ground by well-directed enemy fire. The Platoon Commander, Sergeant and many others were killed. The strength of the platoon was reduced to just seven. Gratwick charged the nearest enemy position with bayonet fixed rifle and a grenade. Throwing a grenade into the pit, he jumped in, killing all of the occupants, even an entire mortar crew. He then charged through heavy machine-gun fire toward a second position inflicting still more casualties. He was killed just short of the second position by a burst of machine-gun fire. He was buried in Tel El Eisa cemetery on 27th October 1942, and was later re-interred at the El Alamein.
Private Arthur Stanley Gurney , 2nd/48th Battalion, was awarded his Victoria Cross near Tel El Eisa, on 22nd July 1942. Born in Western Australia, Gurney enlisted on 6th December 1940 and embarked from Fremantle for the Middle East on 6th July 1941. He was posted to the 2nd/48th Battalion on 12 September when the Battalion was part of the Tobruk Garrison.
Gurney won his VC during an attack at Tel El Eisa. His Company was held up by intense machinegun fire from positions 100 meters ahead, all officers either wounded or killed. Gurney, without hesitation, charged the nearest machine-gun, bayoneting three crewmen, and silencing the post. He continued on to the second, bayoneting a further two, taking the third member prisoner. He was the victim of a grenade attack, but raised himself up, and charged a third position. Gurney disappeared from view, and his body was later found in one of the pits. He is buried in the El Alamein Cemetery.
Sergeant William Henry Kibby , 2nd/48th Battalion, was awarded the Victoria Cross during the Battles for El Alamein, Egypt between 23-31 October, 1942.
Kibby was born in Durham, England and settled with his parents in Glenelg, South Australia in 1914. He was employed as a fibrous plaster fixer and interior decorator, and enlisted on 29 June 1940. Kibby was posted to 2nd/48th Battalion on 27th August 1940, and on 14 September was promoted Corporal. He embarked on 17 November, trained in Palestine, and then moved with the Battalion to Derna and then took part in the Tobruk Garrison. After breaking his leg in June 1941, Kibby was hospitalised, only to rejoin the Battalion at Tel El Eisa in October 1942. On 23rd October, Kibby's Platoon Commander was killed, and he shouted for his platoon to attack an enemy machinegun. They did not hear him over the battle noise, so Kibby alone silenced the position, killing three enemy and capturing twelve others. On the 26 October, Kibby moved from section to section directing fire, and himself several times went out to mend communication lines to enable mortar support. On the night 30-1 October, Kibby again distinguished himself. He went out alone to silence the last remaining machinegun hampering the advance of the Battalion, and destroyed the gun, but not before he himself succumbed to a burst of enemy machinegun fire.
Private Leslie Thomas Starcevich , 2nd/43rd Battalion, was awarded his Victoria Cross Near Beaufort, British North Borneo (now Malaysia) on 28th June 1945. Starcevich (Starcey to his mates) was born in Subiaco, Western Australia on 5 November 1918. He enlisted on 9th April 1941, embarked at Fremantle on 9th September, and arrived at 2nd/43rd Battalion on 30 December in Palestine. After he was wounded at Tel El Eisa on 17 July, 1942, he returned in time to see the Battle of El Alamein begin on 23rd October. The 2nd/43rd returned to Australia in February 1943 and left for New Guinea in September the same year. Starcey took part in the battles of Lae and Finschafen, and went with the Battalion to Beaufort in June 1945. Starcevich was a Bren gunner, and his unit was held up under heavy fire from two enemy machineguns. He assaulted each position in turn, killing five enemy, and forcing the rest to withdraw. The advance continued until fire from another machinegun again held them up. Starcevich, without regard for his own personal safety, rushed forward capturing the gun and killing seven enemy. By the 29 June the fighting was just about all over. Starcevich was actually awarded his medal on the 28 August 1947 by the Governor of Western Australia, Sir James Mitchell.

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Battle of Sattelberg, 29 October-25 November 1943 - History

Born: 20 March 1914 [Adelaide, South Australia]

Died: 24 May 1945 [Tarakan, Borneo]

Soldier, vineyard worker

Born in Adelaide, Derrick left the city in search of work during the Depression of the 1930s. He went to the Riverland and found fruit-picking work at Winkie. Derrick lived and worked in the Riverland for nine years until he enlisted at Glossop on 5 July 1940. He was assigned to the 2/48th Battalion, 9th Division, which departed for the Middle East in November that year.

Derrick proved to be a good soldier and rose through the ranks - he was made a corporal in July 1941 while at Tobruk, Libya, and a sergeant a year later. Derrick was respected as a leader and he was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) in February 1943 in acknowledgement of his actions at Tel el Eisa, Egypt, in July 1942. He again served with distinction at El Alamein in October 1942.

The battalion returned to Australia in February 1943 and was then dispatched to New Guinea. Here the 2/48th was part of the capture of Lae in September. In November Derrick and his men were heavily involved in the taking of Sattelberg. Battling steep terrain and under fire from Japanese machine guns, Derrick led his men to attack the enemy at close quarters. He went well ahead of his men and destroyed enemy posts with grenades. By this amazing act, Derrick was responsible for the destruction of 10 machine gun posts. The following day it was Derrick who raised the Australian flag over Sattelberg. On 22 March 1944 he was awarded the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for valour for British and Commonwealth forces, for his actions at the capture of Sattelberg. A notation in Derrick's service records states:

Undoubtedly Sgt DERRICK'S outstanding gallantry fine leadership and refusal to admit defeat in the face of a seemingly impossible situation resulted in the capture of SATELBERG [sic]. His outstanding gallantry and thoroughness were an inspiration to his platoon and to the remainder of his Coy, and has served as a conspicuous example of fearless devotion to duty throughout the whole Bn.

Derrick was posted to officer training when the battalion returned to Australia in February 1944. He was commissioned lieutenant in November and returned to the 2/48th. The battalion landed at Tarakan, on the island of Borneo, on 1 May 1945. They pushed inland and were attacked during the night of 23-24 May by enemy machine gun fire. When Derrick sat up to check that his men were unharmed, he was hit by another round of fire. He died of his wounds later that day, just months before the end of the Second World War. Derrick is buried at the Labuan War Cemetery, Malaysia.

In 2000 Derrick was commemorated on a postage stamp by Australia Post.

Key achievements

28 July 1942: Made sergeant

18 February 1943: Awarded Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) for action at Tel el Eisa, Egypt

July 1943: Involved in the capture of Lae, New Guinea

November 1943: Instrumental in the capture of Sattelberg, New Guinea

22 March 1944: Awarded VC for actions at the capture of Sattelberg

Da li ste znali?

Further reading

Hutton, Geoffrey. 'Hard battle for S.A. men: Adelaide Sergeant's part in Sattelberg victory', The advertiser, 29 November 1943, p. 4, col. c

'Lt. Derrick, V.C. killed: Falls in action at Tarakan', The advertiser, 29 May 1945, p. 1, col. i

'S.A. Sergeant wins V.C.: Bravery at Sattelberg', The advertiser, 24 March 1944, p. 1, col. c

Links

Australian War Memorial See: Events and Exhibitions: Online Exhibitions: Fifty Australians: Diver Derrick and See: Australians at War: Who's who in Australian Military History: Award Recipients: Derrick, Thomas Currie 'Diver'

National Archives of Australia: Search RecordSearch for Derrick, Thomas Currie to view a digital copy of Derrick's service records


Continental Congress authorizes first naval force

On October 13, 1775, the Continental Congress authorizes construction and administration of the first American naval force—the precursor to the United States Navy.

Since the outbreak of open hostilities with the British in April, little consideration had been given to protection by sea until Congress received news that a British naval fleet was on its way. In November, the Continental Navy was formally organized, and on December 22, Esek Hopkins was appointed the first commander in chief of the Continental Navy. Congress also named four captains to the new service: Dudley Saltonstall, Abraham Whipple, Nicholas Biddle and John Burroughs Hopkins. Their respective vessels, the 24-gun frigates Alfred and Columbus, the 14-gun brigs Andrew Doria i Cabot, as well as three schooners, the Stršljen, the Wasp i Fly, became the first ships of the Navy’s fleet. Five first lieutenants, including future American hero John Paul Jones, five second lieutenants and three third lieutenants also received their commissions.

Admiral Hopkins, as he was dubbed by George Washington, was first tasked with assessing the feasibility of an attack on British naval forces in the Chesapeake Bay. After sailing south with his meager force of eight ships, Hopkins decided that victory in such an encounter was impossible. He sailed to the Bahamas instead, where he attacked the British port of Nassau, a decision for which he was relieved of his command upon returning to the continent.

During the American Revolution, the Continental Navy successfully preyed on British merchant shipping and won several victories over British warships. This first naval force was disbanded after the war. What is now known as the United States Navy was formally established with the creation of the federal Department of the Navy in April 1798.


Battle of Sattelberg, 29 October-25 November 1943 - History

The Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu&ndashTanambogo was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, between the forces of the Imperial Japanese Navy and Allied (mainly United States (U.S.) M . More arine) ground forces. It took place from 7&ndash9 August 1942 on the Solomon Islands, during the initial Allied landings in the Guadalcanal campaign.

In the battle, U.S. Marines, under the overall command of U.S. Major General Alexander Vandegrift, successfully landed and captured the islands of Tulagi, Gavutu, and Tanambogo among which the Japanese Navy had constructed a naval and seaplane base. The landings were fiercely resisted by the Japanese Navy troops who, outnumbered and outgunned by the Allied forces, fought and died almost to the last man.

At the same time that the landings on Tulagi and Gavutu&ndashTanambogo were taking place, Allied troops were also landing on nearby Guadalcanal, with the objective of capturing an airfield under construction by Japanese forces. In contrast to the intense fighting on Tulagi and Gavutu, the landings on Guadalcanal were essentially unopposed. The landings on both Tulagi and Guadalcanal initiated the six-month long Guadalcanal campaign and a series of combined-arms battles between Allied and Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands area.

Battle of Edson's Bloody Ridge
The Battle of Edson's Ridge, also known as the Battle of the Bloody Ridge, Battle of Raiders Ridge, and Battle of the Ridge, was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II between Imperial . More Japanese Army and Allied (mainly United States Marine Corps) ground forces. It took place from 12&ndash14 September 1942, on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands, and was the second of three separate major Japanese ground offensives during the Guadalcanal Campaign.

In the battle, U.S. Marines, under the overall command of U.S. Major General Alexander Vandegrift, repulsed an attack by the Japanese 35th Infantry Brigade, under the command of Japanese Major General Kiyotake Kawaguchi. The Marines were defending the Lunga perimeter that guarded Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, which was captured from the Japanese by the Allies in landings on Guadalcanal on 7 August 1942. Kawaguchi's unit was sent to Guadalcanal in response to the Allied landings with the mission of recapturing the airfield and driving the Allied forces from the island.

Underestimating the strength of Allied forces on Guadalcanal&ndashabout 12,000&ndashKawaguchi's 6,000 soldiers conducted several nighttime frontal assaults on the U.S. defenses. The main Japanese assault occurred around Lunga ridge south of Henderson Field, manned by troops from several U.S. Marine Corps units, primarily troops from the 1st Raider and 1st Parachute Battalions under U.S. Marine Corps Lieutenant Colonel Merritt A. Edson. Although the Marine defenses were almost overrun, Kawaguchi's attack was ultimately defeated, with heavy losses for the Japanese.

Because of the key participation by Edson's unit in defending the ridge, the ridge was commonly referred to as "Edson's" ridge in historical accounts of the battle in Western sources.[4] After Edson's Ridge, the Japanese continued to send troops to Guadalcanal for further attempts to retake Henderson Field, affecting Japanese offensive operations in other areas of the South Pacific.


Soviets Strike Back

While the grinding fighting was taking place in Stalingrad, Stalin dispatched General Georgy Zhukov south to begin building up forces for a counterattack. Working with General Aleksandr Vasilevsky, he massed troops on steppes to the north and south of Stalingrad. On November 19, the Soviets launched Operation Uranus, which saw three armies cross the Don River and crash through the Romanian Third Army. South of Stalingrad, two Soviet armies attacked on November 20, shattering the Romanian Fourth Army. With Axis forces collapsing, Soviet troops raced around Stalingrad in a massive double envelopment.

Uniting at Kalach on November 23, the Soviet forces successfully encircled 6th Army trapping around 250,000 Axis troops. To support the offensive, attacks were conducted elsewhere along the Eastern Front to prevent the Germans from sending reinforcements to Stalingrad. Though the German high command wished to order Paulus to conduct a breakout, Hitler refused and was convinced by Luftwaffe chief Hermann Göring that 6th Army could be supplied by air. This ultimately proved impossible and conditions for Paulus' men began to deteriorate.

While Soviet forces pushed east, others began tightening the ring around Paulus in Stalingrad. Heavy fighting began as the Germans were forced into an increasingly smaller area. On December 12, Field Marshall Erich von Manstein launched Operation Winter Storm but was unable to break through to the beleaguered 6th Army. Responding with another counter-offensive on December 16 (Operation Little Saturn), the Soviets began driving the Germans back on a wide front effectively ending German hopes for relieving Stalingrad. In the city, Paulus' men resisted tenaciously but soon faced ammunition shortages. With the situation desperate, Paulus asked Hitler for permission to surrender but was refused.

On January 30, Hitler promoted Paulus to field marshal. As no German field marshal had ever been captured, he expected him to fight to the end or commit suicide. The next day, Paulus was captured when the Soviets overran his headquarters. On February 2, 1943, the final pocket of German resistance surrendered, ending over five months of fighting.


Battle of Sattelberg, 29 October-25 November 1943 - History

25,675 Tons (standard)
32,000 Tons (full)
844.1' x 85.4' x 29.1'
5 x 2 127mm guns
46 x 25mm AA guns
22 x 13.2mm MG
Aircraft: 85

On September 26, 1941 arrives at Kure. During October 1941, moves between Kure, Oita and Saeki. On October 7, 1941 departs Kure for Oita Bight arriving the next day and joins Shōkaku.

Operation Z: Attack on Pearl Harbor and Oahu
On December 7, 1941 participated in the attack on Pearl Harbor and Oahu.

Operation R: Attack on Rabaul
On January 20, 1942 as part of Operation R the Kido Butai launches her planes on a strike against Rabaul.

Operation MO: Battle of the Coral Sea
During early May 1942 participated in the Battle of the Coral Sea with Shōhō and Shōkaku.

On May 8, 1942 aircraft from Zuikaku helped disable USS Lexington (CV-2) and damaged USS Yorktown (CV-5). During the Battle of the Coral Sea, many Zuikaku aircraft were lost in combat, depleting her air groups and forcing her to withdraw to Japan and did not participate in the Battle of Midway.

On June 15-23 escorted by Oboro from Kure to Ominato.

Bitka kod istočnih Solomona
During late August 1942, Zuikaku participated in Battle of the Eastern Solomons on August 24, 1942.

Battle of Santa Cruz Islands
During October 1942 participated in the Battle of Santa Cruz on October 26, 1942.

Operation Ke
On January 29, 1943 Zuikaku aircraft including D3A Vals and thirty-six A6M2 Zeros under the command of Lt. Kenjiro Notomi were flown from Truk to Rabaul then to Kahilli Airfield (Buin) on Bougainville to support "Operation Ke" the Japanese evacuation from Cape Esperance on Guadalcanal. During Operation Ke, Zuikaku Zeros participated in three aerial cover sorties over western Guadalcanal.

On February 1, 1943 nineteen land based A6M2 Zeros from Zuikaku took off from Kahili Airfield (Buin) led by Lt. Kenjiro Notomi on a mission to escort eighteen D3A Vals from the 582 Kokutai led by Lt. Tensai Kitamura with three aborting after take off. Also escorting were twenty-one A6M Zeros from the 582 Kokutai led by Lt. Saburo Shindo. Over Cape Esperence on Guadalcanal, the D3A Vals score hits sinking USS De Haven (DD-469). Returning from the mission, the formation is intercepted by USMC F4F Wildcats. Losses included five Zeros plus three damaged including two from Zuikaku A6M2 6544 pilot Tanaka and A6M2 pilot Chiba.

On February 4, 1943 land based A6M2 Zeros from Zuikaku took off from Kahilli Airfield (Buin) on a mission to cover the Japanese evacuation from Cape Esperance on Guadalcanal. Lost is A6M2 Zero pilot Shigemi (MIA) and A6M2 Zero pilot Naito (MIA). On February 17, 1943 he remaining Zuikaku Zeros returned to Truk.

Operation I-GO
During early April, Zuikaku aircraft participated in Operation I-Go with 27 Zeros and 18 Vals left the carrier at Truk flying southward to operate land based from Rabaul. Afterwards, these aircraft staged to Buin Airfield (Kahili).

On April 7, 1943 all 27 A6M Zeros and 17 D3A Vals attacked shipping off Tulagi. Three D3A Vals were lost on the mission.

On April 11, 1943 fourteen D3A Vals armed with 60kg bombs escorted by Zeros attacked shipping in Oro Bay. Inbound to the target, D3A Val piloted by Takahashi (C.O.) aborted the mission, landing at Gasmata Airfield. The rest of the formation plus eight D3A Vals and A6M Zeros from Hyio attacked, claiming two ships sunk. In fact, they damaged HMS Hanyang, MV Noora (S-136) and HMAS Pirie (J189).

During June 19-20, 1944 Zuikaku participated in the Battle of the Philippine Sea. Zuikaku was damaged but was soon repaired.

In late October 1944 during the Battle of Leyte, Zuikaku led the remaining Japanese carriers serving as bait to divert U.S. carrier planes away from the surface forces attempting to attack U.S. ships off Leyte.

Sinking History
On October 25, 1944 during the Battle off Cape Engano northeast of Luzon the four Japanese carriers were repeatedly hit by U.S. Navy (USN) carrier bombs and torpedoes. All four including Zuikaku were sunk.

Reference
Kodochosho, Zuikaku Kōkūtai, February–April 1943
Combined Fleet - IJN Zuikaku ("Happy Crane"): Tabular Record of Movement
Japanese Naval Air Force Fighter Units and Their Aces, 1932-1945 pages 48 (Feb 4, 1943), 333 (biography WO Shigemi), 391 (pilot losses Feb/4/43: WO Katsuma Shigemi and PO2c Hitoshi Naito)
Operation KE pages pages 230 (flight from Rabaul to Truk), 240-241 (February 4, 1943)

Doprinesite informacijama
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WWII Commands: 81st Chemical Mortar Battalion

The 81st Chemical Battalion (Motorized), later designated the 81st Chemical Mortar Battalion, was activated on April 24, 1942, as one of the small specialized groups being raised quickly to fill gaps in the burgeoning U.S. Army.

Following a period of intense training, the 81st arrived at Camp Shanks, N.Y., for processing and overseas deployment on October 15, 1943. It arrived in Liverpool, England, on November 2 and spent the winter honing its amphibious skills in preparation for the invasion of Nazio-ccupied France. In late April 1944, the 81st was attached to the 1st Infantry Division.

In mid-May, the battalion was sent to its marshaling area in Dover, where it was divided into separate companies to support specific units. Company A was attached along with Company C to the 16th Regimental Combat Team.

At 0430 hours on June 6, all companies of the battalion were off-loaded onto LCVPs 15 miles from their designated landing beaches. It was nearly three hours later when the company landed on the Easy Red sector of Omaha Beach beside the 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry.

The beach was a tableau of chaos. Heavy seas had caused much of the company’s equipment to sink to the bottom of the English Channel, though a handful of intrepid soldiers had done what they could to recover some of it.

Pinned to the beach under a hail of machine gun fire, Captain Thomas Peter Moundres, the company commander, was mortally wounded. He was dragged ashore by 1st Lt. James P. Panas, who had already pulled a wounded GI onto the beach and had assumed command.

Panas then moved the company to a firing position on the bluffs above the beach. When the infantry broke through later in the day, those positions were moved 500 yards from the beach to a spot near a tank trap, where the men came under a heavy barrage.

After D-Day, the battalion pushed inland and took part in the assault on St. Lô. Company A was given nightly harassing fire schedules, as well as supporting infantry attacks on Hill 192, during which it fired 500 rounds in a 14-hour period.

In early August, the 81st reassembled for its first formal rest period. Following the hiatus, Company A was attached to the 175th Infantry, 29th Division, and moved swiftly through the Vire River valley. The battalion also assisted in bridging the lower half of the Falaise pocket, which helped seal the fate of the German Seventh Army.

Following a brief rest, the entire battalion took part in the Allies’ race to Paris. On the outskirts of the “City of Light,” the companies were again split up, and after crossing the Seine, Company A moved on to Germany.

In early September, Companies A and B were attached to the 4th Division. It was with the men of the “Ivy” Division that Company A reached the Meuse River. Eight days after crossing the Meuse, Company A finally set foot on German soil. The next day, its 4.2-inch mortars joined with those of Company B in shelling the Siegfried Line, as 4th Division GIs made their first assaults on that formidable defensive belt.

Shortly thereafter, the entire battalion was transferred to Lt. Gen. George S. Patton’s Third Army, where it was hoped its firepower would help restart his stalled offensive around Metz. Company A supported the “Tough Hombres” of the 90th Division as they attacked the city from the north.

On October 8, the company was moved south of Hagondange to assist the 357th Infantry in taking Maizières-les-Metz. The attack quickly turned into a bitter slugfest, and remained so for nearly a month.

At 0350 hours on November 14, Company A crossed the Moselle River and proceeded to Valmestroff, enduring heavy fire and suffering several casualties.

After Metz fell, Company A moved into the Saar Basin. It arrived at Gomelange near the Neisse River on November 24. The company was then attached to the 377th Infantry. On November 29, it entered Germany again near Saarlauten.

When the Germans launched their Ardennes offensive on December 16, much of the Third Army began moving north toward Bastogne, leaving some units such as Company A to hold the line.

After stopping the Germans in the Ardennes, the Americans resumed the offensive toward the Saar-Moselle triangle. During that operation, Company A remained in Saarlauten. On January 29, it was attached to the 102nd Field Artillery Battalion, 26th Infantry Division.

By March 1945, the drive for the Rhine was underway, and Company A moved on the 12th to an area five miles east of Saarburg to support the 80th Division. The infantrymen were punching a hole to allow the 14th Armored Division through and either to trap the Germans on the Rhine River or push them to the opposite bank.

By March 16, the attack was moving with regularity again, and the German retreat turned to a rout, causing Company A to move several times a day to keep pace. On the 19th the Germans were at the Rhine under heavy aerial attack.

Two days later, however, the company suffered its hardest day. While standing in line for breakfast, the men were strafed by enemy aircraft. Within 10 minutes, 40 had been wounded and three killed.

In late April, the battalion took part in mop-up operations in Austria. By April 5, Company A had passed Kassel. Most nights for the company were spent in houses and beds, and for the next four days there were no missions on the German side of the Rhine. After the brief respite, the company resumed its advance, until it reached Chemnitz on April 16.

Two days later, after an all-night push, the company rendezvoused with the 71st Infantry Division at Bamberg. The following day, it fired onto the shore of the Danube in support of an infantry crossing.

On May 2, the company crossed the Enns River. After spotting the Germans digging in, it fired nine rounds of high explosives and laid a smokescreen for others crossing behind them. Those were the last rounds fired from Company A’s 4.2- inch mortars during the war.

Originally published in the October 2006 issue of World War II. Za pretplatu kliknite ovdje.


LIFE Magazines from 1943

Više LIFE magazines from 1943 are available for sale and not listed, please contact ABookMan with the dates you are looking for. We may just have it !

LIFE July 5, 1943

America&rsquos Combat Dead on front cover. (with 23 pages of names of combat dead)
MacArthur Close-Up, Doubletalk, Bare Leg Make-Up, Fischer Paints &ldquoCampbell&rdquo, &ldquoDixie& rdquo

Coca Cola ad on back cover

Good + condition with tears to front cover.

LIFE July 12, 1943

Roy Rogers & Trigger on front cover.
King of the Cowboys Close-up, FDR&rsquos Home Front Crisis, Bombing of the Ruhr, Young Britain, San Francisco photo essay, Barse Miller Paints San Francisco Harbor,
Movie "This is The Army".

LIFE July 19, 1943

Air Force Pilot (female) on front cover.
Betty Grable Marries Harry James, Corn Crisis, Narcotics, Girl Pilots, Rehabilitation of Wounded, Soybeans, &ldquoVictory Through Air Power&rdquo,

Lucky Strike Cigarettes ad on back cover

LIFE July 26, 1943

8th Air Force Bombers on front cover.
Invasion of Sicily, The Air Plan, Troop Landings at Gela in Sicily, Ingrid Bergman Close-up, How to Fix It photo essay, Training Films, Enemy Weapons,
Peter Hurd Paints Bomber Command, Movie &ldquoFor Whom the Bell Tolls&rdquo.

LIFE August 2, 1943

Commander in Chief of the Western Approaches on front cover.
Invasion of Sicily, Admiral Sir Max Horton, Quartz Crystals, Kid Clothes, Tom Lea Paints &ldquoThe Hornet&rdquo

Coca Cola ad on back cover

LIFE August 9, 1943

Steel Worker on front cover, Women in Steel photo essay
Italy Surrenders, Lucille Ball in Technicolor,Speed of Growing Corn, Negro Army Division, Kitchens of Tomorrow, &ldquoFlip&rdquo Corkin Close-up

LIFE August 16, 1943

How Strong is Japan? on front cover.
The Battle of Orel, P-38, Andrew Jackson Higgins Close-up, Folies Bergere, Paris & New York Styles, Low-Tide Life.

LIFE August 23, 1943

The Lindy Hop on front cover.
Palermo Surrender, &ldquoNormandie&rdquo Refloating, Canning & Preserving, Secretary of War Close-Up, Sinatra at Lewisohn Stadium

LIFE 30. avgusta 1943

Anthony Eden & Dog Nipper on front cover.
Churchill & FDR in Quebec, Victoria Cross, Farm Kids Produce Food, Precision Bombing, Summer Broadway successes, "Heaven Can Wait", Missouri River photo essay

Coca Cola ad on back cover

LIFE September 6, 1943

Jap Hunters on front cover.
Industry at War, Munda Airfield, Greenland at War art, Air Transport Command Base, Folk Singer John Jacob Niles, Republicans, Chicken Business photo essay

Camel Cigarettes ad on back cover

LIFE September 13, 1943

Leotards on front cover.
Allied Landing on Kiska, Sikh Maharaja Close-up, Last Mission of a Fortress, &ldquoWatch on the Rhine&rdquo, College Fashions, Alajalov&rsquos illustrations for &ldquoPepeljuga&rdquo,
Weather photo essay

Lucky Strike Cigarettes ad on back cover

LIFE September 20, 1943

Cambridge Don on front cover.
Surrender of Italy, Carlson of the Raiders Close-up, Cambridge University photo essay, Cleveland Museum, Mosquitoes, Latin Quarter

Camel Cigarettes ad on back cover

LIFE September 27, 1943

Harvester on front cover.
WAC Exercises, The Bazooka, Old Indian Cave Relics, MGM photo essay (including a wonderful center spread group photo of MGM stars),
Battle of Salerno, Soldiers Sing, Letter from Home

Lucky Strike Cigarettes ad on back cover

Good + condition with tears to front cover.

LIFE October 4, 1943

Tony Biddle on front cover.
Allied South Pacific Advance, Battle of Italy, Food, Decorations & Service Ribbons (in color), Kids & Guns, &ldquoTako ponosno pozdravljamo& rdquo

Camel Cigarettes ad on back cover

LIFE October 11, 1943

Half-Hat on front cover.
Eleanor Roosevelt&rsquos South Pacific Tour, Jam Session (Duke Ellington et. al.), Aleutians color photos, Jewish Homeland photo essay, Stuttgart Raid

Lucky Strike Cigarettes ad on back cover

LIFE October 18, 1943

Picture Romance on front cover.
Capture of Naples, Marshall Field III, &ldquoBlackouts of 1943&rdquo, Soil Erosion, Basic English, Picatinny Arsenal photo essay, Europe&rsquos Clothes

Coca Cola ad on back cover

LIFE October 25, 1943

Mary Martin on front cover.
Air War in the Pacific, Colorado photo essay, Congressional Medal of Honor Awards, &ldquoFlesh and Fantasy&rdquo, Sea Bombardment, Balinese Sculpture, Business in Britain

Camel Cigarettes ad on back cover

LIFE November 1, 1943

Thunderbolt Fighter on front cover.
Nazi Spies Executed, Postwar Air, Georgia Prisons photo essay, Hildegarde close-up, Magnetic Wire Recorder, Smart Dog,
West Point&rsquos Training Camp, Movie &ldquoThe North Star& rdquo.

LIFE 8. novembra 1943

Field Marshall Jan Smuts on front cover.
Battlefield of Naples, Battle of Arundel Island, USS &ldquoLafayette&rdquo, Tank Recovery Units, An American Block photo essay

Lucky Strike Cigarettes ad on back cover.

LIFE November 15, 1943

Fur-Lined Coats on front cover.
Country Turns Republican (elections), &ldquoHere Is Your War&rdquo by Ernie Pyle, Dukes of England Close-up, Chinese Music, Troops in Ireland,
Skip-Bombing photo essay, &ldquoYank& rdquo

Camel Cigarettes ad on back cover.

LIFE November 22, 1943

Foot Soldier on front cover.
Los Angeles, German General Staff Corps photo essay, Ellery Queen Close-up, Shostakovich Symphony, Robeson in &ldquoOthello&rdquo, South Pacific Atoll

Coca Cola ad on back cover.

LIFE 29. novembra 1943

Lieut. General Eaker Eighth Air Force on front cover.
World&rsquos No. 1 Army, 8th Bomber Command Book, The Brontes photo essay, Gilded Dietrich, &ldquoWinged Victory&rdquo, Dam Threatens Pueblos,
Floppy Rack Dolls

Camel Cigarettes ad on back cover.

LIFE December 6, 1943

Ear Muffs on front cover.
Sinkiang &ndash Heart of Asia, Germany &ndash Enigma of Peace, Root Cellar, State Flags and the Rainbow Division (in color), Proviso Freight Yard,
& ldquoNo Time for Love&rdquo, Soldier&rsquos Letter Home photo essay,

Green Giant ad on back cover.

LIFE December 13, 1943

Citizen of Sinkiang on front cover.
Fight for Tarawa, &ldquoMadame Curie&rdquo, Harvard&rsquos Eateria, Alexis Smith, Psychological Warfare, U.S. Borie&rsquos Last Battle by John Hersey

LIFE December 20, 1943

U.S. Pilot&rsquos Wife on front cover.
Big Three in Teheran Conference, Landing Craft, Dream Girls in the Movies, &ldquoCarmen Jones&rdquo, Irish Publican

LIFE December 27, 1943

36 pages of commissioned art of the War with commentary by John Hersey, War Art, Mary Martin, "The Voice of the Turtle", Children&rsquos Books for Christmas,
Electric Motors

Good + condition with small folds and tears to back cover.

Više LIFE magazines from 1943 are available for sale and not listed, please contact ABookMan with the dates you are looking for. We may just have it !

Copyright Dangerous Publications Aug. 2004 Content not for republication without permission.


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