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Rosenbergov dnevnik i funkcionalističko-intencionalistička rasprava

Rosenbergov dnevnik i funkcionalističko-intencionalistička rasprava

Danas je objavljeno da je pronađen dnevnik Alfreda Rosenberga, nakon što je nestao 1946. godine.

Prima facie, ovo bi izgledalo kao veliki historijski dokaz za raspravu o funkcionalistima protiv namjera. Ono što me zbunjuje u ovoj fazi je sljedeće: članak u vijestima kaže da je dnevnik unet kao dokaz na Nirnberškom procesu; to znači da su njeni dijelovi mogli biti dostupni historičarima kao dio dokumentacije sa suđenja.

Ako je tako - kakvu je ulogu dnevnik do sada odigrao u raspravi?


Rosenbergov dnevnik i funkcionalističko -intencionalistička rasprava - Povijest

Post by Revizija & raquo prije 2 mjeseca 2 sedmice (četvrtak, 1. april 2021. 16:16)

Alfred Rosenberg negira krivicu (15 min 48 sek)

Donji tekst u osnovi sadrži isti sadržaj kao i ovaj video, ali video zapis ima i audio zapise tih dijelova Nirnberškog suđenja. Zvučni zapisi i povremeno neki video zapisi IMT -a i NMT -a često se mogu pronaći na YouTube kanalu Robert H. Jackson Center (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCWgK4J. WzjH8pYVlA) ili u zbirkama USHMM -a na webu (https : //collections.ushmm.org/search/) ako se neko pita gdje ih nabaviti.

& quotAlfred Ernst Rosenberg bio je baltički njemački nacistički teoretičar i ideolog. & quot

& quot; Tokom Drugog svjetskog rata, Rosenberg je bio na čelu Ministarstva Reicha za okupirana istočna područja (1941–1945). & quot

"Suđeno mu je u Nürnbergu i proglašen krivim po sve četiri tačke optužnice: zavjera za počinjenje zločina protiv mirovnog planiranja, pokretanje i vođenje agresivnih ratnih zločina i zločini protiv čovječnosti."

DR. HAENSEL: [Okrivljenom.] Još samo jedno pitanje. Znate li da su SS, što se Jevreja tiče, slijedili tajne ciljeve i zadatke, osim onih koji su službeno objavljeni?

ROSENBERG: To sam naučio ovdje.

DR. HAENSEL: To ne znate iz svog znanja?

DR. THOMA: Da li ste 20. juna 1941. godine, to jest, dan prije izbijanja rata protiv Rusije, održali govor svima koji se bave istočnim pitanjima u vezi s tim istočnim problemima? Ovdje se radi o dokazu USA-147, iz kojeg je tužilaštvo nekoliko puta citiralo jedan paragraf.

ROSENBERG: Ovo je prilično dugačak improvizovan govor pred onima koji su se bavili istočnim problemima i kojima je dodeljeno da se bave istočnim problemima. S tim u vezi, izjavljujem da je moja dužnost, naravno, razmotriti političke mjere koje bi se morale predložiti kako bi se izbjegla situacija u kojoj bi se njemački Reich morao boriti svakih 25 godina za svoje postojanje Istok i Želim naglasiti da ono što sam autentično rekao u povjerljivom govoru ni na koji način ne odgovara sovjetskim optužbama da sam za sistematsko istrebljenje slavenskih naroda.

[Rosenberg čita iz svog govora od 20. juna 1941:] & "U vezi s tim moramo izjaviti da ni sada nismo neprijatelji ruskog naroda. Svi mi koji smo ranije poznavali Ruse znamo da je pojedini Rus vrlo simpatična osoba, sposobna za asimilaciju kulture, ali koja nema samo snagu karaktera koju posjeduje Zapadna Evropa. Naša borba za pregrupisavanje vodi se sasvim u skladu s pravom nacionalnog samoopredjeljenja naroda. & Quot

[Rosenberg:] & quot; Učinio sam taj govor potpuno uvjeren da se, nakon mojih prvih uvodnih primjedbi fireru na tu temu, u suštini složio sa mnom. Nisam znao - a on mi nije rekao - da su druga vojna i policijska naređenja već izdana, u protivnom bi za mene bilo praktično nemoguće - a posebno u Heydrichovom prisustvu - održati govor koji je očigledno u potpunoj suprotnosti s Himmlerovim shvatanjima i Heydrich. & quot

DR. THOMA: Onda bih htio pitati optuženog kako će odgovoriti na optužbu da je nacionalsocijalizam propovijedao glavnu rasu.

ROSENBERG: Znam da je ovaj problem glavna tačka Optužnice i shvaćam da se trenutno, s obzirom na broj strašnih incidenata, automatski donose zaključci o prošlosti i razlogu nastanka tzv. nauka. Vjerujem, međutim, da je od presudne važnosti pri prosuđivanju ovog problema znati tačno šta nas zanima. Nikada nisam čuo riječ & quotmaster race & quot (& quotHerrenrasse & quot) tako često kao u ovoj sudnici. Koliko ja znam, nisam ga spominjao niti koristio u svojim spisima. Ponovno sam listao svoje spise i govore i nisam našao ovu riječ.

& quot; Nisam imao pojma da će to dovesti do tako strašnih stvari kao što je masovno ubistvo. - Željeli smo samo mirno riješiti jevrejski problem. & Quot (str. 70-71)

"Baš kao što sam želio Lebensraum za Njemačku, mislio sam da bi Židovi trebali imati Lebensraum za sebe - izvan Njemačke." (str. 71)

& quot; Rusi imaju hrabrosti suditi - sa 30 miliona života na savjesti! & quot (str. 110)

"Nacionalni socijalizam nije zasnovan na rasnim predrasudama. Samo smo htjeli održati svoju rasnu i nacionalnu solidarnost. Nisam rekao da su Židovi inferiorni. Nisam ni tvrdio da su rasa. Samo sam vidio da mješavina različitih kultura nije uspjela - tako su se rimska i grčka civilizacija raspale. Židovi su htjeli zadržati svoj identitet kao narod, i ja im kažem više moći, ali i mi to želimo. Pogledajte kako su Jevreji bili prisiljeni krstiti se u prethodnim stoljećima. To su prave rasne predrasude i nevjerovatna drskost Crkve. & Quot (str. 114)

& quotA šta je s tom politikom otvorenih vrata za Kinu? Je li demokracija bila nametnuti im rat kako bi Engleska mogla korumpirati 30 miliona Kineza opijumom? Jeste li ikada vidjeli te opijumske brloge? To je mnogo gore od koncentracionih logora. Tako su milioni Kineza duhovno ubijeni kako bi se mogla održati Otvorena vrata za vanjsku trgovinu - a razne sekte su mogle nastaviti slati misije. To je ono što ja osvetom nazivam rasnim predrasudama! & Quot (str. 115)

"Sasvim je prirodno da članovi grupe osjećaju zajedničku vezu i štite sebe i svoj identitet." (str. 115)

& quotSve što kažu o nacističkim zvjerstvima možete reći o komunistima. & quot (str. 130)

"Pokušavaju pripisati ubistvo 2.000 Jevreja dnevno u Aušvicu na Kaltenbruneru - ali šta je sa 30.000 ljudi koji su ubijeni u bombaškim napadima na Hamburg za nekoliko sati? - Bili su to također uglavnom žene i djeca. - A što je s 80.000 smrtnih slučajeva od atomskog bombardiranja u Japanu? - Je li i to pravda? Rosenberg se nasmijao. 'Da, naravno - jer smo izgubili rat.' & Quot (str. 243)

& quotU svakom slučaju, Amerika bi se uskoro uhvatila u koštac sa svojim rasnim problemom, s nadom je ponovio Rosenberg. & quot (str. 325-326)

& quotOsim ponavljanja starih optužbi, tužioci su podigli nove najjače vrste pa tvrde da smo svi prisustvovali tajnim konferencijama kako bismo planirali agresivni rat. Osim toga, navodno smo naredili navodno ubistvo 12.000.000 ljudi. Sve ove optužbe kolektivno su opisane kao "genocid"-ubijanje ljudi. S tim u vezi, moram rezimirati sljedeće.

Znam da je moja savjest potpuno oslobođena svake takve krivice, bilo kakvog saučesništva u ubijanju ljudi. Umjesto da radim za raspadanje kulture i nacionalnog osjećanja istočnoeuropskih nacija, pokušao sam poboljšati fizičke i duhovne uvjete njihovog postojanja umjesto uništavanja njihove osobne sigurnosti i ljudskog dostojanstva, protivio sam se svom snagom, kao što je dokazano, svaka politika nasilnih mera, i ja sam strogo zahtevao pravedan stav nemačkih zvaničnika i humano postupanje prema istočnim radnicima. Umjesto da se bavim 'dječjim ropstvom', kako se ono zove, pobrinuo sam se da se mladim ljudima sa teritorija ugroženih borbom pruži zaštita i posebna njega. Umjesto da istrebim religiju, dekretom o toleranciji uspostavio sam slobodu crkava na istočnim teritorijima. & Quot

& quotMisao o fizičkom uništenju Slovena i Židova, to jest o stvarnom ubijanju čitavih naroda, nije mi padala na pamet i ja je zasigurno ni na koji način nisam zagovarao. Bio sam mišljenja da bi se postojeće židovsko pitanje moralo riješiti stvaranjem manjinskog prava, iseljavanjem ili naseljavanjem Židova na nacionalnu teritoriju u razdoblju od deset godina. & Quot

& quotAli uz ljubav prema slobodnom i snažnom Rajhu, nikada nisam zaboravio svoju dužnost prema časnoj Evropi. U Rimu sam se već 1932. apelirao za njegovo očuvanje i miran razvoj i borio sam se koliko god sam mogao za ideju o unutrašnjoj dobiti naroda Istočne Evrope kada sam postao istočni ministar 1941. Stoga je u času ne mogu se odreći ideje svog života, ideala socijalno mirne Njemačke i Evrope svjesne svojih vrijednosti, i ostat ću joj vjeran.

Iskrena služba ovoj ideologiji, s obzirom na sve ljudske nedostatke, nije bila zavjera i moji postupci nikada nisu bili zločin, ali razumio sam svoju borbu, baš kao i borbu mnogih hiljada mojih drugova, da se vodi za najplemenitiju ideju, ideja za koju se više od stotinu godina borilo pod letećim zastavama. & quot

Gospodin Wittman je ipak primijetio da, iako dnevnik bilježi evoluciju stavova koji bi doveli do holokausta, on ne detaljno opisuje konkretan plan za to.

"Ne postoji mjesto u dnevniku gdje Rosenberg ili Hitler kažu da Židove treba istrebiti", rekao je. "Sve što je reklo bilo je" iseliti ih iz Evrope. ""


Oporavljen dnevnik Drugog svjetskog rata savjetnika Adolfa Hitlera

WILMINGTON, Savezne vlasti u Del. Kažu da su pronašle stotine stranica iz ratnog dnevnika Alfreda Rosenberga, zvaničnika nacističke partije i ključnog savjetnika Adolfa Hitlera.

Portret nacističkog zvaničnika Alfreda Rosenberga (1893-1946) iz 1937. godine. Rosenberg je bio utjecajan član nacističke partije, uključujući i njenu teoriju o rasi. AFP/Getty Images

Zvaničnici Ministarstva unutarnje sigurnosti i Ministarstva pravosuđa planirali su se u četvrtak pridružiti predstavnicima američkog Memorijalnog muzeja holokausta kako bi razgovarali o oporavku oko 400 rukom ispisanih stranica iz dnevnika.

Rosenberg je osuđen za ratne zločine na suđenjima u Nürnbergu nakon Drugog svjetskog rata, a pogubljen je 1946.

Zvaničnici su rekli da je dnevnik jedan od nekoliko dokumenata koje je vodio Robert M.W. Kempner, vladin advokat tokom suđenja u Nirnbergu. Kempner je umro 1993. godine, a muzejski službenici kasnije su preuzeli dio njegove zbirke dokumenata. No, Rosenbergov dnevnik do nedavno je nedostajao.

Postupajući prema informacijama koje su dobili u novembru prošle godine o dnevniku, vlasti su nedavno zaplijenile stranice koje nedostaju nakon što su ih locirale u sjevernom dijelu New Yorka.

"Otprilike 400 stranica papira s listovima pokriva godine od 1936. do 1944., kada je Rosenberg bio odgovoran za pljačku dragocjenosti u zemljama koje su okupirali nacisti i planiranje nacističke vladavine osvojenim sovjetskim teritorijima", rekli su zvaničnici muzeja u objavi objavljenoj na Internetu u četvrtak. "Njegovo otkriće nesumnjivo će dati znanstvenicima novi uvid u politiku nacističkih vođa i ispuniti obavezu muzeja da otkrije dokaze počinilaca holokausta."

Bivši nacistički lideri optuženi za zločine protiv mira, ratne zločine i zločine protiv čovječnosti tokom Drugog svjetskog rata slušaju tužilaštvo 1. oktobra 1946. na sudu u Nürnbergu. S lijeva, treći red: Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrob, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wihelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Walther Funk i Hjalmar Schacht. Četvrti red: Karl Doenitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur Von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Franz Von Papen, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, Konstantin Von Neurath i Hans Fritzsche. AFP/Getty Images

Vlasti su rekle da su informacije koje su dovele do oporavka dnevnika došle od stručnjaka za umjetničku sigurnost koji je radio za muzej holokausta.

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Zvaničnici su rekli da je dnevnik prenet u kancelariju Ministarstva za unutrašnju bezbednost u Wilmingtonu. Direktor nauka primijenjenih istraživanja Jurgen Matthaus potvrdio je da se radi o Rosenbergovom dnevniku.

Rosenberg, nacistički ideolog i propagandist, bio je autor knjige "Mit o dvadesetom stoljeću", knjige iz 1930. koja je zagovarala superiornost arijske kulture.

Kasnije je vodio odjel za vanjske poslove Nacističke partije i kroz partijsku hijerarhiju postao je ministar Rajha za okupirana istočna područja 1941.

"Kao ministar Rajha, Rosenberg je odigrao značajnu ulogu u masovnom ubijanju jevrejskog naroda na okupiranim istočnim teritorijima, kao i deportaciji civila u logore na prisilni rad kako bi podržao njemačke ratne napore", saopćile su vlasti u četvrtak.

Prvi put objavljeno 13. juna 2013 / 12:38

& kopirajte 2013. Associated Press. Sva prava zadržana. Ovaj materijal se ne smije objavljivati, emitirati, prepisivati ​​ili dalje distribuirati.


Nirnberška suđenja: optužnice, transkripti suđenja, dokumentarni dokazi - preuzimanje

62.033 stranice dokumenata koji se tiču ​​Nirnberškog procesa počiniocima holokausta i drugih ratnih zločina.

Dvadeset četiri glavna politička i vojna lidera nacističke Njemačke, optužena za agresivni rat, ratne zločine i zločine protiv čovječnosti, izvedena su pred Međunarodni vojni sud. Više od 180 dodatnih optuženika, koji predstavljaju mnoge sektore njemačkog društva, suđeno je pred vojnim sudovima u Nürnbergu u Sjedinjenim Državama u nizu od 12 suđenja poznatih kao "Naknadni nirnberški postupci".

Službeni postupak suđenja velikim ratnim zločincima

Dokumentarni dokazi i materijali vodiči iz službenog postupka suđenja velikim ratnim zločincima

Naknadne optužnice u Nirnberškom postupku

Službeni skraćeni zapis o narednim suđenjima

Konačni izvještaj o svim suđenjima za ratne zločine koji su održani u Nürnbergu u Njemačkoj, od 1945. do 1949. godine.

Odabrani izvještaji, prijevodi i analize dokumenata Ureda glavnog tužitelja Sjedinjenih Država za krivično gonjenje osi

Odabrani materijal za suđenje u Nürnbergu iz Ureda glavnog tužitelja Sjedinjenih Država za procesuiranje zločina po osi

Odsjek za studije odbrane i istorije o istoriji i trenutnom naslijeđu Nirnberškog procesa

Nakon Drugog svjetskog rata, savezničke vlade osnovale su prve međunarodne krivične sudove za procesuiranje visokih političkih zvaničnika i vojnih vlasti zbog ratnih zločina i drugih ratnih zločina. Četiri velike savezničke sile - Francuska, Sovjetski Savez, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo i Sjedinjene Države - osnovale su Međunarodni vojni sud (IMT) u Nürnbergu, u Njemačkoj, kako bi procesuirale i kaznile "glavne ratne zločince europske osi". IMT je predsjedavao kombinovanim suđenjem visokim nacističkim političkim i vojnim liderima, kao i nekoliko nacističkih organizacija.

Poreklo, sastav i nadležnost Nirnberškog i Tokijskog suda razlikovali su se u nekoliko važnih aspekata izvan geografskih razlika i ličnosti. Jakovljevom deklaracijom iz 1942. objavljeni su planovi za krivično gonjenje njemačkih političkih i vojnih vođa. U deklaraciji, Sjedinjene Američke Države pridružile su se Australiji, Kanadi, Kini, Indiji, Novom Zelandu, Južnoafričkoj uniji, Sovjetskom Savezu i devet prognanih vlada zemalja okupiranih od Njemačke kako bi osudile njemačku "politiku agresije". U Deklaraciji se navodi da su ove vlade „svrstale među svoje glavne ciljeve rata kažnjavanje, putem kanala organizovane pravde, onih koji su krivi ili odgovorni za ove zločine, bez obzira da li su ih naredili, počinili ili učestvovali u njima“.

U kolovozu 1945. četiri velike savezničke sile potpisale su Londonski sporazum 1945. kojim je uspostavljen IMT. Sledeće dodatne zemlje su se kasnije „pridržavale“ sporazuma kako bi pokazale svoju podršku: Australija, Belgija, Čehoslovačka, Danska, Etiopija, Grčka, Haiti, Honduras, Indija, Luksemburg, Holandija, Novi Zeland, Norveška, Panama, Paragvaj, Poljska, Urugvaj i Jugoslavija.

Povelja Međunarodnog vojnog suda (ili Nirnberška povelja) priložena je Londonskom sporazumu iz 1945. i ocrtavala je ustav, funkcije i nadležnost Tribunala. Tribunal u Nirnbergu sastojao se od po jednog sudije iz svake savezničke sile, od kojih je svaka takođe snabdjela tužilački tim. Nirnberška povelja također predviđa da je IMT ovlašten suditi i kazniti osobe koje su „počinile bilo koji od sljedećih zločina:

(a) Zločini protiv mira: naime, planiranje, priprema, započinjanje ili vođenje agresivnog rata, ili rata kojim se krše međunarodni ugovori, sporazumi ili uvjeravanja, ili učešće u Zajedničkom planu ili zavjeri za postizanje bilo kojeg od gore navedeno

b) Ratni zločini: naime, kršenje zakona i običaja ratovanja. Takva kršenja uključuju, ali se ne ograničavaju na, ubistvo, zlostavljanje ili deportaciju na robovski rad ili u bilo koju drugu svrhu civilnog stanovništva na ili na okupiranoj teritoriji, ubistva ili zlostavljanje ratnih zarobljenika ili osoba na moru, ubijanje talaca, pljačkanje javne ili privatne imovine, bezobzirno uništavanje gradova, mjesta ili sela ili pustošenje koje nije opravdano vojnom nuždom

(c) Zločini protiv čovječnosti: naime, ubistvo, istrebljenje, porobljavanje, deportacija i druga nečovječna djela počinjena nad bilo kojim civilnim stanovništvom prije ili za vrijeme rata, ili progoni na političkoj, rasnoj ili vjerskoj osnovi u pogubljenju ili u vezi sa njim bilo koje krivično djelo iz nadležnosti Međunarodnog suda, bilo da je to kršenje domaćeg zakona zemlje u kojoj je počinjeno ili ne.

Tužioci IMT-a podigli su optužnicu protiv dvadeset dva visoka njemačka politička i vojna lidera, među kojima su Hermann Goering, Rudolph Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Alfred Rosenberg i Albert Speer. Nacistički vođa Adolf Hitler nije optužen jer je izvršio samoubistvo u aprilu 1945. godine, posljednjih dana prije predaje Njemačke. Optuženo je i sedam nacističkih organizacija. Tužioci su tražili da se Tribunal izjasni da su te organizacije „kriminalne organizacije“ kako bi se olakšalo kasnije krivično gonjenje njihovih članova od strane drugih tribunala ili sudova.

Nirnberški proces trajao je od novembra 1945. do oktobra 1946. Tribunal je proglasio devetnaest pojedinačnih optuženih krivim i osudio ih na kazne koje su se kretale od smrti vješanjem do petnaest godina zatvora. Tri optužena su proglašena krivim, jedan je izvršio samoubistvo prije suđenja, a jedan nije izdržao suđenje zbog fizičke ili psihičke bolesti. Tribunal u Nirnbergu je također zaključio da su tri od sedam nacističkih organizacija protiv kojih je podignuta optužnica bile "kriminalne organizacije" prema odredbama Povelje: Lideri nacističke partije elitna jedinica "SS", koja je izvršila prisilno premještanje, porobljavanje i istrebljenje miliona ljudi u koncentracionim logorima i nacistička sigurnosna policija i nacistička tajna policija, općenito poznata kao "SD" i "Gestapo", koja je pokrenula programe robovskog rada i deportovala Židove, političke protivnike i druge civile u koncentraciju kampovima.

Službeni postupak suđenja velikim ratnim zločincima

42 sveska službenog zapisnika sa suđenja glavnim civilnim i vojnim vođama nacističke Njemačke koji su optuženi za ratne zločine. Optuženi su bili: Hermann Wilhelm Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Robert Ley, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Walter Funk, Hjalmar Schacht, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Dönitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Martin Bormann, Franz von Papen, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, Constantin von Neurath i Hans Fritzsche.

Međunarodni vojni sud (IMT), pod jurisdikcijom Savezničke kontrolne uprave za Njemačku, usmjerio je objavljivanje ove serije. Londonskim sporazumom od 8. avgusta 1945. uspostavljen je tribunal, koji se sastojao od jednog člana i zamjenika iz svake od četiri savezničke zemlje: Francuske Republike, Saveza sovjetskih socijalističkih republika, Ujedinjenog Kraljevstva Velike Britanije i Sjeverne Irske, i Sjedinjenim Američkim Državama. Engleski, francuski, njemački i ruski bili su jezici koji su se koristili tokom saslušanja. Dokumenti uvedeni u spis reproducirani su u ovoj seriji samo na izvornom jeziku, ali kao posljedica odsustva sovjetske redakcije, nijedan od dokumenata na ruskom jeziku nije objavljen.

Dokumentarni dokazi i materijali vodiči iz službenog postupka suđenja velikim ratnim zločincima

Zbirka dokumentarnih dokaza i materijala sa vodičem od 12.460 stranica pripremljenih od strane američkog i britanskog tužilaštva za prezentaciju pred Međunarodnim vojnim sudom u Nurnbergu, Njemačka. Sastoji se od indeksiranih uzoraka dokaza koji se koriste u prilog optužbama protiv glavnih nacističkih ratnih zločinaca na njihovom suđenju u Nürnbergu, Njemačka, 1945-1946. Uključuje sveobuhvatni vodič za ove materijale. Eseji koji sažimaju i povezuju dokumente. Rečnik zajedno sa kratkim biografijama optuženih Nemaca, kao i sažecima pojedinačnih slučajeva protiv njih.

Naknadni materijali Nürnberškog zbornika

Osim dvadeset i četiri glavna politička i vojna lidera nacističke Njemačke, kojima se sudilo pred Međunarodnim vojnim sudom, suđeno je i 185 drugih optuženika iz mnogih sektora njemačkog društva. Ova druga grupa optuženih izvedena je pred Nirnberški vojni sud Sjedinjenih Država u nizu od dvanaest suđenja poznatih kao "Naredni postupci u Nirnbergu". Optuženi su grupirani prema glavnom području djelovanja: medicinskom, pravnom, etnološkom, ekonomskom ili političkom.

Među optuženima su bili: diplomate, političari i pravnici, kao što su Ernst von Weizsaecker, državni sekretar vanjskog ureda, ministri u kabinetu Schwerin von Krosigk i Hans Lammers, te vršilac dužnosti ministra pravosuđa Franz Schlegelberger, vojni lideri, uključujući feldmaršale Wilhelma von Leeba , Wilhelm List i Georg von Küchler SS (Schutzstaffel) vođe, kao što su Otto Ohlendorf i Oswald Pohl vodeći industrijalci, kao što su Friedrich Flick, Alfred Krupp, i direktori IG Farben i ljekari, poput Gerharda Rosea.

Naknadne optužnice u Nirnberškom postupku

323 stranice optužnica za naredna suđenja.

Ured vojne vlade Njemačke (SAD), poznat i kao OMGUS, objavio je svaku optužnicu kao zaseban dokument.

Slučaj 1: SAD protiv Karla Brandta i dr. ("Medicinski slučaj"), 1946-47

Slučaj 2: SAD protiv Erharda Milcha i dr. ("Slučaj Milch"), 1946-47

Slučaj 3: SAD protiv Josefa Altstoettera i dr. ("Slučaj pravde"), 1947

Slučaj 4: SAD protiv Oswalda Pohla i dr. ("Slučaj Pohl"), 1947-48

Slučaj 5: SAD protiv Friedricha Flicka i dr. ("Flick Case"), 1947

Slučaj 6: SAD protiv Carla Kraucha i dr. ("Slučaj I.G. Farben"), 1947-48

Slučaj 7: SAD protiv Wilhelma Lista i dr. ("Slučaj talaca"), 1947-48

Slučaj 8: SAD protiv Ulricha Greifeldta i dr. ("Slučaj RuSHA"), 1947-48

Slučaj 9: SAD protiv Otto Ohlendorfa i dr. ("Slučaj Einsatzgruppen"), 1947-48

Slučaj 10: SAD protiv Alfrieda Kruppa i dr. ("Slučaj Krupp"), 1947-48

Slučaj 11: SAD protiv Ernsta von Weizsaeckera i dr. ("Slučaj ministarstava"), 1947-48

Slučaj 12: SAD protiv Wilhelma von Leeba i dr. ("Slučaj visoke komande"), 1947-48

Službeni skraćeni zapis o naknadnim suđenjima - suđenjima ratnim zločincima pred vojnim sudovima u Nürnbergu pod Zakonom Vijeća br. 10

19.451 stranica zapisnika sa 12 suđenja 185 optuženih. Sudski postupci, vođeni na engleskom i njemačkom jeziku, vođeni su pod direktnom nadležnošću Savezničkog kontrolnog vijeća, Zakon br. 10, čiji je tekst uključen u Tom I ove serije. Suđenja su trajala dvije i pol godine i proizvela su više od 300.000 stranica svjedočenja i dokaza. Ova publikacija Štamparije Vlade Sjedinjenih Država službeni je skraćeni zapis o pojedinačnim optužnicama i presudama, kao i administrativnim materijalima koji su bili zajednički za sva suđenja.

Konačni izvještaj sekretaru vojske o suđenjima za ratne zločine u Nürnbergu prema Zakonu Vijeća br. 10

Ured, načelnik Vijeća za ratne zločine (OCCWC), službeno je osnovan 24. listopada 1946., a formalno je deaktiviran 20. lipnja 1949. OCCWC je u Uredu vojne vlade za Njemačku (SAD) [OMGUS] osnovao general Naredba 301, sa sjedištem američkih snaga u Evropi, i bila je nasljednica Odsjeka za naknadne postupke Ureda šefa tužilaštva SAD -a za krivično gonjenje osi. U ovom izvještaju o suđenjima za ratne zločine u Nürnbergu, koji su vođeni prema Zakonu br. 10 Vijeća za kontrolu, brigadni general Telford Taylor, šef Odjela za ratne zločine, također opisuje stvaranje, organizaciju i funkcioniranje OCCWC -a. Njegov izvještaj pokriva period od početka OCCWC -a u oktobru 1945. do njegovog deaktiviranja 1949. godine.

Odabrani izvještaji, prijevodi i analize dokumenata

Odabrane izvještaje, prijevode i analize dokumenata Ureda glavnog tužitelja Sjedinjenih Država za krivično gonjenje osi. Teme uključuju: "Mit o XX veku". Vođa SS policije Krueger i izvještaj o deportaciji, eksproprijaciji i pogubljenju Jevreja u Galiciji (u Poljskoj). Dnevnik Alfreda Rosenberga koji obuhvata period od 2. januara 1940. do 7. maja 1940. Izvodi, koji se tiču ​​smrzavanja, tifusa, epidemije hepatitisa i ratnog nefritisa, iz izvještaja sa konferencije ljekara konsultanata. Rukopisni dnevnik Alfreda Rosenberga za 14. maj 1934. - 18. mart 1935. Dnevnik rada na institutu Ahnenrbe o raznim istraživačkim projektima [malarija, poligali i drugi eksperimenti]. Bilješke Heinricha Himmlera, načelnika nacističke garde (SS), za govor generalima SS-a, 10-4-1943. Izvještaj o njemačkim ratnim medicinskim istraživanjima Neuropatologija i neurofiziologija, uključujući elektro-encefalografiju, u Njemačkoj tokom rata. Izvjestite službenike SS -a o uništenju varšavskog geta. Prijevod isječka govora u kojem Himmler definira evakuaciju Židova kao istrebljenje.

Odabrani materijal za suđenje u Nürnbergu iz Ureda glavnog tužitelja Sjedinjenih Država za procesuiranje zločina po osi

Uključuje pisma koja su napisali Hjalmar Schacht, Hans Fritzsche i Baldur von Schirach dok su bili na suđenju. Četiri pisma koja je Herman Göring napisao prije samoubistva prije zakazanog pogubljenja. Izvještaj istražne komisije o samoubistvu Hermana Göringa.

Odabrani dokumenti OSS CIC -a koje tužioci iz Nirnberga koriste za pripremu suđenja - Ured glavnog tužitelja (OCC)

Dokumenti uključuju: Izvještaj o iskustvu logora Olge Schaub Ravensbrueck, Izjava Ernsta Kaltenbrunnera o koncentracionim logorima, novembar 1938. Pogrom, Ubistvo zarobljenih savezničkih avijatičara, Ubistvo komandosa, Odnos njemačkih crkava s Hitlerom i agentom Gestapoa Kremerom, zvanim V-Mann Sixtus.

Jeannette Hahlo Papers

Transkript dnevnika koji je vodila Jeannette "Jet" Hahlo tokom svog boravka u Njemačkoj, gdje je tokom suđenja u Nürnbergu radila kao tumač kod vlade Sjedinjenih Država. Dnevnik se sastoji od prepisane prepiske koju je Hahlo napisala svojoj sestri, Sylviji Hahlo.

Ministarstvo odbrane objavilo radove

Odsjek za studije odbrane i historije koji se odnose na historiju i trenutno naslijeđe Nirnberškog procesa. Uključuje:

Neprijateljski ratni zločini Kako istražiti i procesuirati (1988)

Pojedinačni studijski projekat pukovnika Stevena F. Lancastera

Sažetak: Kad se pominje tema neprijateljskih ratnih zločina, većina ljudi misli na suđenja za ratne zločine u Nürnbergu, ali malo njih je upoznato s ukupnim naporima američkih sudova za ratne zločine u Drugom svjetskom ratu ili o tome šta je, ako je uopšte bilo, učinjeno u vezi neprijateljskog rata zločini tokom Koreje ili Vijetnama. Ovaj članak prikazuje povijest sudjelovanja vojske u istraživanju i procesuiranju neprijateljskih ratnih zločina od Drugog svjetskog rata do danas. Sadrži dio o naučenim lekcijama i pregled trenutne organizacije Korpusa generalnog pravobranioca za istraživanje i procesuiranje neprijateljskih ratnih zločina

Od Nirnberga do Haga: Kontrastna studija tribunala za ratne zločine (1998)

Teza Josepha A. Ellenbeckera, poručnika, mornarice Sjedinjenih Država

APSTRAKT - 25. maja 1993. Ujedinjene nacije su osnovale tribunal za ratne zločine u Hagu za bivšu Jugoslaviju - prvu takvu instituciju od Nirnberga. Dok Haški tribunal prikuplja dokaze i saslušava predmete, svaki aspekt njegovog osnivanja, strukture i načina rada uspoređuje se s Međunarodnim vojnim sudom u Nürnbergu (IMT). Mnogi ljudi očekuju da će se principi koji se koriste za osuđivanje optuženih u Nürnbergu jednako uspješno primijeniti i na Haškom tribunalu. Međutim, slučajevi se razlikuju na dva važna načina.

Negdje u sredini: Nirnberški i tokijski proces kao model poslijeratnih suđenja u Iraku (2004)

Monografija MAJ Thomasa A. Crowsona, Vojska Sjedinjenih Država

Odabrane proceduralne zaštite u saveznim, vojnim i međunarodnim sudovima (2006)

Ovaj izvještaj Kongresne istraživačke službe (CRS) daje kratak pregled proceduralnih pravila koja se primjenjuju na odabranim historijskim i savremenim sudovima za suđenja osumnjičenima za ratne zločine. Tabela koja slijedi uspoređuje odabrane proceduralne mjere zaštite korištene u krivičnim suđenjima na saveznom krivičnom sudu sa paralelnim zaštitnim mjerama u vojnim opštim vojnim sudovima, međunarodnim vojnim sudovima koji su se koristili nakon Drugog svjetskog rata, uključujući Međunarodni vojni sud (IMT ili "Nirnberški tribunal"), i Međunarodni krivični sudovi za bivšu Jugoslaviju (MKSJ) i Ruandu (MKSR).

Sažetak - Ova studija zaključuje da suđenja nakon Drugog svjetskog rata pružaju valjanu povijesnu referencu za stvaranje suda za ratne zločince u Iraku. Razlike u stvaranju i vođenju dvaju suđenja daju uvid u lekcije koje se moraju ugraditi u moderno suđenje. Osim toga, oni su u pravosuđe Ujedinjenih nacija usađeni odabranim proceduralnim mjerama zaštite u saveznim, vojnim i međunarodnim sudovima

Historijski tomovi Nirnberških suđenja

1.728 stranica u 10 svezaka istorijskih djela.

Nirnberški proces u međunarodnom pravu, Robert K. Woetzel

Robert Kurt Woetzel (5. decembra 1930. - 6. septembra 1991.), profesor međunarodnog prava, bio je dugi niz godina vodeći zagovornik osnivanja Međunarodnog krivičnog suda.
In The Nuremberg Trials in International Law, his objective was to defend the basis of the Nuremberg trials in international law, opposing legal scholars who had argued that the trials were ex post facto and illegal. However, he also expressed the hope that the Nuremberg trials would eventually lead to the establishment of an international criminal court.

Final Judgment: The Story of Nuremberg, by Victor H. Bernstein (1947)

A journalistic interpretation of the evolution of Nazism as revealed in the documents placed before the court at Nuremberg.

Using documents from German sources that have become available only in the past year, this book is a revealing X-ray of the whole political, economic, and moral system that the Nazis built up. It uses the Nuremberg trials as its starting point. But it peels away, one after another, the layers of meaning behind Nuremberg.

Anyone who followed the reports of the trials in the American press must have been dismayed by their fragmentary and superficial character. All we got were bits and pieces of the Nazi story. Millions of words were, of course, cabled from Nuremberg by correspondents to the twelve corners of the world--especially in the first few days. But mainly they were color stuff, portraying the trial as a spectacle. There were pictures of the defendants and detailed accounts of their behavior in jail. There were excerpts from United States Prosecutor Robert H. Jackson's opening indictment, and some scattered debate on the international law at the basis of the trial. And at the end there was a sensational flare-up of think-pieces about how Goering managed to cheat the gallows by concealing his lethal poison. It is some kind of commentary on our press and our ways of thought that the most important trial of our era should have ended on the cheap note of a mystery thriller entitled The Case of the Hidden Poison. Nuremberg is still the Trial Nobody Knows.

In contrast with this surface stuff, Victor Bernstein has written an attack-in-depth on what the Nazis did, and the techniques they used, and what Nazism did to them. The book is a scalpel-dissection of the whole Nazi disease of which the Nuremberg criminals were only the more ulcerous outcroppings. As a good newspaperman--and he is one of the best I have ever encountered--the author does not omit the elements of personal drama.

The Nuremberg Trial and Aggressive War. By Sheldon Glueck

Sheldon Glueck (August 15, 1896 – March 10, 1980) was a Polish-American criminologist. He and his wife Eleanor Glueck collaborated extensively on research related to juvenile delinquency and developed the "Social Prediction Tables" model for predicting the likelihood of delinquent behavior in youth. They were the first criminologists to perform studies of chronic juvenile offenders and among the first to examine the effects of psychopathy among the more serious delinquents.

During the aftermath of the Holocaust he was one of the leading advocates for the creation of an international criminal court to punish crimes against humanity.

In his earlier book, “War Criminals: Their Prosecution and Punishment,” he developed the legal bases for the prosecution of those who were to be accused of violations of the laws and customs of war. In that book of 1944, however, Professor Glueck was not yet convinced of the legal feasibility of prosecuting the National-Socialist leaders for the arch crime of aggressive war. "I was not at all certain that the acts of launching and conducting an aggressive war could be regarded as 'international crimes.' I finally decided against such a view, largely on the basis of a strict interpretation of the Treaty for the Renunciation of War (Briand-Kellogg Pact), signed in Paris in 1928."

In this latter book of 1946, Professor Glueck states the opposite view and presents the legal arguments for it. These are based upon the idea that there has developed among civilized nations an international custom to regard aggressive war as an international crime and that the time has arrived to express this international custom as a rule of international law.

The Nürnberg Case, as Presented by Robert H. Jackson

Robert Houghwout Jackson (February 13, 1892 – October 9, 1954) was an American attorney and judge who served as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Jackson was also notable for his work as the Chief United States Prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials of Nazi war criminals following World War II.

Hitler and his Admirals by Anthony K. Martienssen (1949)

"[Combines] the evidence given at Nuremberg with the material contained in the Fuehrer conferences on the naval affairs."

The Nürnberg Judgment: A Summary. by Katherine F. Lincoln

Operation Murder by Anatole Goldstein (1949)

Published by the Institute of Jewish Affairs, World Jewish Congress

The Charter and Judgment of the Nürnberg Tribunal. History and Analysis. Memorandum submitted by the Secretary General (1949)

A Survey of the Nurnberg Charter and trial.

Victors’ Justice: A Letter Intended to Have Been Sent to a Friend Recently in Germany. By Montgomery Belgion (1949)

A rewriting of the author's Epitaph on Nuremberg, first pub. in England in 1947.

The 1949 review of this book by International Affairs began, "It does not take many pages of reading to discover that Mr Montgomery Belgion means to write about Victors' Injustice. The author attempts to build up a case proving that the record of the Allies—the West and Russia alike— in and after the late war has robbed them of the right to have staged the Nuremberg Trials. Since two wrongs do not make a right, he implies the case for the prosecution had better been left unwritten and unsaid or, at any rate, staged under different auspices."

The reviewer further stated, "It is difficult to suppress extreme irritation at this book. There is an undercurrent throughout its chapters suggesting that— not to speak of all the alleged Allied misdeeds—German crimes have really been greatly exaggerated abroad. German sources, often as dubious as an unknown novel by an obscure German author, are almost invariably given the benefit of the doubt when Allied and German versions of war-time or post-war events are at variance."

I have no difficulty in holding strong opinions. Some I have held longer than I realize. I have imagined that I was expressing one for the first time, and then have happened to discover that I had only forgotten having expressed it years before. The opinions supported in the following pages I already avowed in 1938. My difficulty is not in holding opinions. My difficulty lies in ascertaining why I hold the particular opinions I do.

In February 1947 I published in England a little book called Epitaph on Nuremberg. It was written between October 1945 and August 1946, at a time, that is to say, when much germane information had not yet become public. A publisher having lately proposed to issue the book in the United States, it occurred to both of us that the opportunity ought to be taken of expanding it. In the process of adding, however, I have been led to rewrite not because my opinions have changed since 1946, any more than they have since 1938, but because I have discovered for them reasons which were not then apparent to me. This is virtually a new book.

I have had the benefit of reading publications by Dr. H. A. Smith, till 1946 professor of international law in the University of London, and by Mr. Louis Le Fur, formerly professor of law at Paris and also the text of a lecture delivered at Heidelberg in 1947 by Professor Eduard Wahl. I wish also to acknowledge little helpful acts of kindness by Mr. Peter Baker, Mr. Felix Morley, and Mr. Henry Regnery, and valuable textual suggestions from Mr. Philip N. Starbuck.

But of course, for everything I say in the following pages I alone am responsible.


Infamous ‘Nazi Diary’ Turns Out to Be a Dud

When it was announced that major portions of the long-lost diary of former high-ranking Third Reich official Alfred Rosenberg had been uncovered—missing for some 70 years—the media was abuzz, declaring the documents would shed new light on what is known as “the Holocaust.”

In fact—at least from the standpoint of propping up the story of the Holocaust as it has been set down by the mass media on a non-stop daily basis—the diary is essentially a great big fat flop.

Although the 400 pages of the diary were turned over to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum—which claims for public relations purposes to be “privately funded” but which is largely bankrolled by U.S. taxpayers— no major revelations have emerged , quite in contrast to the way the discovery was first trumpeted.

Media voices reported breathlessly that the diary was sure to be a treasure trove of shocking new data, particularly since Rosenberg—hanged following his conviction for war crimes at the post-World War II “victor’s vengeance” tribunal at Nuremberg—had been minister for the eastern territories occupied by German forces where there were many work camps and other installations that are central to the stories surrounding the era.

Newspaper and broadcast audiences—and the followers of Internet bigmouths who always talk about “the Nazis”—were led to believe the diary might be the final nail in the scaffold and assuredly prove—serious questions raised by a host of scholars worldwide notwithstanding—that the numbers of Jews said to have been gassed, shot, electrocuted, starved and otherwise worked or terrified to death was at least the vaunted number of “Six Million” and probably higher.

(Over the years the “official” number of just Jews alone reported to have been dispatched to their doom by the Third Reich has ranged from as high as 20 million to 10 or 12 million, with the figure of Six Million looming most prominently. However, in recent years, Jewish sources have tried to ramp the figure back upward, leaving many trusting members of the public confused as to what the “official” figure really is.)

Despite all this—and this is what the major media is not reporting— the truth is that there may a very real concern as to what may have been excised from the diary during its “missing years.”

The fact a German-born Jew, one Robert Kempner, had his hands on the diary since most of the period following World War II—up until his death in New York in 1993—may point toward intrigue involving the rewriting or erasing of history that those who have a stake in perpetuating the memory of “the Holocaust” would prefer be ignored.

An assistant U.S. chief counsel during the Rosenberg trial, Kemper was later a prosecutor in one of the subsequent further trials under the Nuremberg tribunal’s auspices and is credited as having “discovered” a document—called the Wannsee Protocol—widely touted as “the proof” of a “Nazi plot” to exterminate the Jews of Europe.

In fact, however, there is serious academic debate about the document’s viability and even some Jewish historians and, recently, one Israeli newspaper, Ha’aretz , have raised questions about the stories surrounding the protocol.

So considering Kempner’s role in the origins of this questionable document, the fact he made off with the Rosenberg diary—ostensibly for research purposes and with the permission of his superiors at Nuremberg—might raise questions about what material—contradicting many of the “official” stories surrounding the Holocaust—Kempner or others may have excised from Rosenberg’s writings.

The truth is that while Kempner’s estate was in limbo, it was discovered the Rosenberg papers had ended up in the hands of others and they were seized by agents of U.S. Homeland Security. And that’s how they ended up in the hands of the “experts” at the Holocaust Museum.

Thus far the most interesting thing reported from the diary is that Rosenberg noted that English diplomats in Berlin for the 1936 Olympics were “angry about the negroes from the USA as they squeeze out the English during the Olympic games.”

And that is an interesting since, over the years, the mass media has repeatedly told the lie that Adolf Hitler “snubbed” black American Olympic runner Jesse Owens whereas Owens himself bragged of how Hitler had waved to him as he passed Hitler’s reviewing stand. Later when the Hitler government published a commemoration of the Olympics, it featured a full-page picture of Owens, describing him as “the fastest man in the world.”


History of Nazi Germany to be revised as diaries of Hitler confidante Alfred Rosenberg are tracked down in US

History’s account of the Third Reich and the extermination of millions of Jews in the Holocaust may have to undergo some late revisions upon the surfacing in America of 400 pages of the long-lost diaries of Alfred Rosenberg, a close confidant of Adolf Hitler and an architect of the Nazi genocide dubbed “the Final Solution”.

After years of dead ends, researchers have tracked the papers down to a home near Buffalo in New York. They will be formally unveiled this week by the US government in conjunction with the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, based in Washington.

According to a preliminary analysis, the writings both reveal new details of the internal machinations of the Nazi command and challenge some standing theories about the period.

Known to Second World War scholars simply as the Rosenberg diaries, their pages promise a priceless window into the private ruminations of their author, who was hanged after his conviction at the Nuremberg trials. Having been convicted of crimes against humanity, he was one of a dozen senior Nazi officials executed in October 1946.

The pages that have reportedly now been retrieved span the years between 1936 and the winter of 1944. Most of the passages are written in Rosenberg’s own handwriting, some on official Nazi stationery.

Scholarly debate about the pages, which include discussion of the planning for the mass extermination of Jews and other East Europeans, and their historical significance, is sure to be lively. “The documentation is of considerable importance for the study of the Nazi era, including the history of the Holocaust,” a first assessment of them prepared by the Holocaust Memorial Museum and seen by the Reuters news agency concludes.

The museum also signals controversy ahead. “A cursory content analysis indicates that the material sheds new light on a number of important issues relating to the Third Reich’s policy,” it says. “The diary will be an important source of information to historians that complements, and in part contradicts, already known documentation.”

Described in the pages are meetings between Rosenberg and Hitler as well as other top figures in the Reich, such as Heinrich Himmler and Hermann Goering. They reportedly also speak to tensions at the top of the Reich, for example when Rudolf Hess fled to Britain in 1941 and with regard to the looting of art and cultural artefacts throughout Europe, a programme of organised theft largely supervised by Rosenberg himself.

After being introduced as key evidence in the Nuremberg trials at the end of 1945, the Rosenberg diaries mysteriously vanished. It was long assumed they had been spirited out of Germany and to America by one of the prosecutors, Robert Kempner, who himself had fled the Nazis in the 1930s and had become an American.

After Kempner died in 1993, legal disputes over his papers raged for nearly 10 years between his children, his former secretary, the Holocaust museum and a local debris removal firm. Although thousands of historical documents were eventually recovered, when officials arrived to retrieve them from his home in 1999, they discovered that many thousands of pages were missing and the diary itself remained elusive.

Early this year, the Holocaust museum and an agent from Homeland Security Investigations attempted to find the missing diary pages. It appears they had been in the hands of Kempner’s former secretary who moved with them to the home of an academic near Buffalo.


The Rosenberg diary and the functionalist-intentionalist debate - History

      This is a 1981 interview done in Munich with Irene Rosenberg, daughter of Alfred Rosenberg

[Above: Irena after being arrested with her mother, Hedwig Kramer, 1945. Her mother died the next year.]

Thank you for speaking with me I am understand you never talk to anyone about your father, so I am grateful you are sharing with me. Can I ask what you remember about Hitler?

Irene: Yes, you are a very lucky young man as I only share my experiences and thoughts with old comrades. What do I remember about the F hrer, you will understand I was very young like you. While I was born in 1930, I had very fond memories as a child, growing up around the inner circle, if you will. I remember he was very kind and jovial. My father took me to visit the F hrer often, and the F hrer even came to our home. I sat on his lap and read him a Grimm fairy tale book once and he was impressed with my eloquent speaking. I met Gudrun at a party that was held just for the children, during an important state function that we could not attend.

He was always giving gifts like books, pastries, or candies. I remember that. The look on his face was always intensive listening, no matter what I was babbling he always was attentive, and humored me. As I grew older, I would see less and less of him, the last time was during the later stage of the war in Berlin. He asked me if I had a boyfriend yet, and said, with a tear in his eye he was sorry the war turned out the way it had. He seemed to be apologizing for the world that would be left if we lost. That made such a deep impression on me I will take it to my grave. It showed the deep love he possessed for our people.

Therefore, while there are many who throw scorn on him today, I saw a great man who loved his people deeply, and was deeply loved, until forced allied brainwashing changed that view in many.

What do you remember about your father?

Irene: He was a very intelligent man, who could debate with the best of them. He was a loving father, and took care of mother and I. He encouraged me from an early age to express myself in any way I wanted to, so I liked poetry, here is a book he bought me to write in, and I had a typewriter, that I used often. He taught me that National Socialism was life, it was nature, it was beauty, and all things beautiful. Those are things of poetry, life, and our creator.

When I was young, I remember he would come home from a day at the office I would play with his cap, and wear his boots. He would read bedtime stories, and later when the war started, he would speak to me as a grownup to tell what was going on in the world, and why Germany was fighting. This gave me comfort as many were scared when Berlin had been bombed, I would then take those assurances to my friends in the neighborhood. He liked cooking with my mother often, making meals like in restaurants from around the world. He was partial to French and Russian dishes, sometimes with a German twist. We would have lively discussions at the table, everything from religion, history, to dance and poetry. I also learned a love of horses he would take me to see some comrade s steeds, and I was taught to ride.

During his imprisonment, it was hard seeing my father. He had been tortured, and humiliated by the allied guards, I could see bruises and cuts on him where he had bled. The guards harassed me as if I did not equal a human one soldier grabbed my ass so hard he bruised me badly. My mother was abused also. We wept for my father, knowing he was an innocent man being persecuted like the others.

He was an early builder of the NSDAP and the F hrer regarded him as a friend, and teacher. Not many men can have that claim.

You do not believe your father was guilty of the crimes he was accused of?

Irene: Absolutely not. I knew my father well, he was a very fair person who even spoke of the Jews in Berlin who were left alone as they posed no threat, and obeyed the law. They say he ordered the killings of people in the east, but all I ever saw or heard was him extolling that we need to treat them as friends, and fellow Europeans. He was born in Estonia, in a German enclave, where many Germans felt at home. He loved the peoples in the east, he was proud of the countless volunteers who helped us in the fight.

I knew from dinner discussions that Jews were being moved east to get them out of Europe, however it was clear orders were giving for them to be treated well. He commented at times that they must be careful not to offend or cause anger from those forced to move. I remember we even had a Jewish professor at our home who was worried about a friend being sent east, my father stopped this and allowed him to migrate to Sweden, even though he criticized the F hrer.

My father would always send back gifts that the people of the occupied territories would send him. If he were so bad, would the people give him gifts? He had many. During his time in the east, production rose, and he used German resources to help the Russians rebuild what their Marxist masters destroyed. He was even praised for reopening churches, and paying for the rebuilding. Thousands upon thousands of Russian workers came to Europe, were giving education, high paying jobs, and housing. How is that enslaving them? I know they had to claim this after the war, to avoid being called collaborators, who would face death.

My father was a great man, super intelligent, and loving. He was not guilty of anything the lying Allies claimed. Many came to his defense after the war, but sadly, others turned on him.

I read that he was very anti-Christian and hated the Church, even wanting to remove the bible and anything related to God. Je li ovo istina?

Irene: This is a hard subject to talk about. First, my father started out as anti-Christian. This was manifested deeper when his first wife died, it was traumatic on him. He felt there was no proof of God and that it was weak to believe in one. While I will confess that I did not know every detail of my father s religious beliefs, I know he changed during the war, coming to believe Jesus was of Aryan blood.

I will start by saying National Socialism is a European idea. Its basic beliefs are that we are tied to the laws of nature, and he who gave these laws to us. Old wisdom says the Bible has served Europeans for two thousand years, as Jews rejected it. NS wisdom says the Bible has become corrupted and taken over from its original design. This is why my father, and indeed others, took such a stance against the Bible as it is preached today. The message inside was used as weapons against our peoples, to destroy racial ideas.

As Gudrun knows, her father believed as my father, and came to the same conclusion. The Bible may have been originally written about, to, and for a people called Israelites. This people has now been identified as Jews today. My father started to understand that perhaps these people, who seem to bring hatred and evil wherever they go, might not be the same people in the Bible. He understood religion had turned into a weapon against us and many naturally revolted against it. I never understood any of this when I was younger, it was only after it was all over I really started to search for what my father believed.

I remember I was studying Luther, and many others, but it raised more questions than answers. Like my father, I turned to studying original texts of the scriptures that were available. I always had the question if this is true then how did it happen, there had to be a moment in time when this theft happened, but I could never find it. One day I was reading 2Kings when it hit me like a fist. The original Israelites were forced out of their lands and dispersed to what is now India, China, Iran and Europe. The Ahnenerbe found European mummies with light hair and eyes in these regions. The people who moved into the old lands were ancestors of the modern Jew, darker features from poisoned bloodlines.

They were impressed by the technology and spirituality of the Israelites, so they wanted to adopt parts of their culture, and they brought in corrupt Israelite priests to teach them their ways. After time these people usurped the identity of the old Israelites, as the dispersed ones lost their old ways, the Jews adopted new ways blended with their Talmud. Many years later, old Israelites started trickling back to the old lands, which were now under the control and influence of people who were not of Israelite blood. Christ came into this type of society, but his parents were of Israelite, or Aryan blood.

People tend to think today that since dark skinned people inhabit these lands that they were always there, that is false. Jews had a hand in translating some of the Bible when they came to Europe a few hundred years ago. They made sure words were changed, like the word Jew it should be Judean as it mostly describes anyone living in Judea, who at times could be any number of races. It has become probably the most confusing word in the Bible, by the design of evil people. These scriptures have been translated so many times, error is inevitable, some of it on purpose.

I will close this by saying my father was more anti modern church, but had no desire to rid Germany of Christianity. The opposite is true he knew this faith had become the bedrock of all European nations and it was on this strength that we would be kept great. He only wanted a return to the true ways of Luther, and the early Church, without any Jewish influence.

Can I ask what the end of the war was like for you?

Irene: How can I describe the terror, pain, and suffering I saw? We had to stay in Berlin as father s officers were there. I had to endure the bombings we stayed mostly in our cellar, which was reinforced. There were times after a raid the smell was horrid, I saw dead and wounded, and the screams still haunt me. These were women and children the Allies targeted. We evacuated Berlin upon the arrival of the Russians the city was a shell of its former self.

We moved into south Germany, the roads and rails were clogged with people of every nationality, trying to get away from the evil that was coming. I met a Baltic family and I spoke with them, they told of seeing Russian atrocities, and warned me not to fall into their hands. We made it to the Allies, and at first were treated OK, there was little to eat or drink however, they tended to use our survival as a means for fornication. Many women had to endure this to feed their children. Evil had descended upon the people.

When it was found out who we were, the Allies arrested my mother and I. We were insulted, groped, and threatened with every type of outcome you could imagine. I understand why many took their own lives, and those of their children to avoid this. A guard was actually reprimanded as he told me if I slept with him, he would help me get away I refused and spoke to the commander. Treatment then started to get a little better. However, the guards were still pigs, and evil men. Their wives would be ashamed.

We learned my father had been moved to a jail holding important people. We were finally allowed to be released I believe on Patton s orders. If I remember, he came to visit us and was appalled at how we were treated, ordering all family released, and apologized for our treatment. We were not allowed to see father as we wanted to, he told me to be strong, and he had to meet his fate as a NS, and would do so with honor and a clear conscience. He was adamant that the lies the Allies were telling would someday be destroyed.

We wept on the day the victors of the war had their revenge on innocent men. It is a stain on those who turned traitor, and agreed with the Allies claims. I know they were only trying to save their skin, but they lost their honor forever. I, like all Germans were forced to watch the allied movies about the camps and no one dared to speak the truth, as we knew what would happen. A woman was crying and having a breakdown after seeing one, no one had the courage to tell her these were propaganda films meant to justify the allied war on us, it would have brought a sentence of prison to do so.

What do you think the future will be?

Irene: Every religion tells of a time when all that we know will end, and surprisingly they all seem to agree it will be an uprising, and then final judgment. Evil people and ideas will be exposed and destroyed I see it starting to take shape now. The Jewish controlled press is promoting every sick idea, which is a good thing. We must be able to see who our enemies are they are now coming out from behind closed doors. We will see in the future the clear line between who is good and who is not. Who works for the natural health of his people, and who seeks to destroy the natural order. These lines will sometimes blur, as the church will become more and more corrupt, but God s laws are on our hearts, and will never be removed from everyone. His people will again someday come to see who they are.

The church praises those very people seeking to destroy the very rock on which the church was built, this is foretold in the Bible, we took a new name, Christians, and Jews use our old. Someday the truth will be known for all to see, and there will be terrible accounting for those who did this to us.


Plotters and their Motivations

The key conspirators in the July 20 plot can be divided between civilians and active military (mostly army) officers. Almost all of the conspirators shared a conservative, nationalist perspective and an aristocratic background.

The civilians were mainly individuals who had refused to participate in the Nazi regime. Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, for example, had been the Nazi mayor of Leipzig, but resigned his position in opposition to Nazi policy. Ludwig Beck, another important civilian, was a former general who had resigned in opposition to Hitler’s aggressive war plans in 1938.

The most important military conspirators were General Friedrich Olbricht, Major General Henning von Tresckow, and Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, along with Claus-Heinrich Stülpnagel, the German military commander in France.

The motivations of the conspirators were likely varied and remain contested to this day. Some were already members of the “Kreisau Circle” of conservative opponents to Hitler. Others, like Goerdeler, objected to Nazi anti-Jewish policy as well as the general mismanagement of the war leading Germany to ruin. Tresckow, too, appeared to be deeply dismayed by the Nazi’s antisemitic policies and privately described Kristallnacht as an act of barbarism.

Yet motivations varied widely and should not be viewed solely in the context of the Holocaust. For many of the conspirators, the attempted assassination had a more pragmatic objective: to rescue Germany from catastrophic defeat brought about by Hitler’s increasingly irrational management of the war. Indeed, a number of the conspirators were themselves implicated in both war crimes and the Holocaust. Stülpnagel had closely cooperated with the Einsatzgruppen in their mass murder of Jews when he commanded the 17th Army in the German-occupied Soviet Union. The Quartermaster of the Army, Eduard Wagner, who supplied the escape aircraft, had coordinated Einsatzgruppen cooperation with the army and created the plans to starve Soviet prisoners of war (POWs), resulting in millions of deaths. Arthur Nebe had commanded Einsatzgruppe B in the Soviet Union, responsible for the murder of over 45,000 Jews.


RODOH.info

And is there anything of special interest contained within?

Re: ROSENBERG DIARY FINALLY ONLINE

Post by neugierig » 18 Dec 2013, 19:42

Yes thanks, Balsamo, I found it yesterday. I do hope someone takes the time to go through this, just glancing at it I noticed many empty pages. Also, dates are a rarity. Anyone here have the book "Das politische Tagebuch Rosenbergs", Göttingen 1956? That diary seems to be up to 1935, it is referred to in "Gutachten des Institutes für Zeitgeschichte", München 1958, p.107. The first entry in the newly-found diary is from 1936.

Re: ROSENBERG DIARY FINALLY ONLINE

Post by been-there » 18 Dec 2013, 22:06

Re: ROSENBERG DIARY FINALLY ONLINE

Post by Ilol'd » 19 Dec 2013, 09:43

Scholars had been eager to see what this longtime Nazi from Hitler’s inner circle had to say in the missing journal. But details of the Nazis’ grand plans for genocide and brutal domination are absent from the pages.

“Rosenberg obsessed a lot about the Jews — just not in his diary,” said Jurgen Matthaus, director of applied research at the museum’s Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies.

“By the end of 1941, between 500,000 to 800,000 Jews behind the Eastern Front had been annihilated,” he said.

But little of this is mentioned in Rosenberg’s diary, which, for the period from 1941 to 1942, is “riddled with holes,” Matthaus said.

“If you are looking for shattering revelations about the Nazi era, you’re not going to find them,” he said.

“His diary often seems muted, if not silent, on crucial topics and important events, including the persecution of Jews,” Matthaus said.

Re: ROSENBERG DIARY FINALLY ONLINE

Post by Cerdic » 19 Dec 2013, 10:17

The Holocaust Memorial Museum has not provided official English translations. According to basic translations online, some diary excerpts reveal details of Rosenberg's lunches with Hitler and his trips across Germany to stir troops at the dawn of the Second World War:

April 27, 1936: Rosenberg says he spoke to 9,400 Nazis in Stuttgart, saying that they stand 'solidly behind me in my fight'
'After the Congress', 1937: The Nazi describes his battles against Catholicism and the Pope.

May 21, 1939: Rosenberg discusses meeting with another high-ranking Nazi Hermann Goering where he developed his views on 'ethno-psychological foreign policy'.

February 2, 1941: Rosenberg describes how he ate lunch with Hitler in Berlin where the Nazi leader reportedly said that sick children should not be given meat but fruit and vegetables. The henchman writes: 'He [Hitler] is convinced that plant eaters. the tenacious forces of life.'

September 1, 1941: Rosenberg says that having been bed-ridden with periostitis - a chronic inflammation of the tissue around bones - he had time to consider the details of his ministry - such as staffing and interviews. He adds that the future of Ukraine is a 'yet completely undecided problem'.


HOW DEMOCRACIES DIE

A provocative analysis of the parallels between Donald Trump’s ascent and the fall of other democracies.

Following the last presidential election, Levitsky (Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America, 2003, etc.) and Ziblatt (Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy, 2017, etc.), both professors of government at Harvard, wrote an op-ed column titled, “Is Donald Trump a Threat to Democracy?” The answer here is a resounding yes, though, as in that column, the authors underscore their belief that the crisis extends well beyond the power won by an outsider whom they consider a demagogue and a liar. “Donald Trump may have accelerated the process, but he didn’t cause it,” they write of the politics-as-warfare mentality. “The weakening of our democratic norms is rooted in extreme partisan polarization—one that extends beyond policy differences into an existential conflict over race and culture.” The authors fault the Republican establishment for failing to stand up to Trump, even if that meant electing his opponent, and they seem almost wistfully nostalgic for the days when power brokers in smoke-filled rooms kept candidacies restricted to a club whose members knew how to play by the rules. Those supporting the candidacy of Bernie Sanders might take as much issue with their prescriptions as Trump followers will. However, the comparisons they draw to how democratic populism paved the way toward tyranny in Peru, Venezuela, Chile, and elsewhere are chilling. Among the warning signs they highlight are the Republican Senate’s refusal to consider Barack Obama’s Supreme Court nominee as well as Trump’s demonization of political opponents, minorities, and the media. As disturbing as they find the dismantling of Democratic safeguards, Levitsky and Ziblatt suggest that “a broad opposition coalition would have important benefits,” though such a coalition would strike some as a move to the center, a return to politics as usual, and even a pragmatic betrayal of principles.

The value of this book is the context it provides, in a style aimed at a concerned citizenry rather than fellow academics, rather than in the consensus it is not likely to build.


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