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Nottoway II ATA -121 - Historija

Nottoway II ATA -121 - Historija

Nottoway II

(ATA-183: dp. 610; 1. 143 '; b. 33'10 "; dr. 13'2"; s. 13 k .; kpl. 45; a. 1 3 "; kl. ATA-121)

Nottoway (ATA-183) prvobitno označen kao ATR-ltO, položen je 14. jula 1944. u Levingston Shipbuilding Co., Orange, Tex., Lansiran 16. avgusta 1944, i pušten u rad 26. oktobra 1944., poručnik Richard S. Lowry komanduje.

Zaključujući potres mjesec dana nakon puštanja u rad, ATA-18S je izvijestio komandanta, granicu Panamskog mora, 14. prosinca 1944. Sa sjedištem u Coco Solou, zona kanala, okeanski tegljač pomagao je raznim brodovima koji su prelazili kanal i teglili brodove do Charlestona, SC i Arube , Nizozemska West Indies.

Ova neophodna dužnost nastavila se do početka 1946. godine kada se letjelica vratila u Orange, Texas radi inaktivacije i prestala s radom 22. oktobra. U julu 1948., dodijeljena Atlantskoj rezervnoj floti, ATA-183 je dobila ime Nottoway. Godine 1961. ovaj tegljač je prebačen u Pomorsku upravu i stavljen u rezervnu flotu Nacionalne odbrane. Ostala je vezana za Mobile, Ala, do 1970.


Cheroenhaka (Nottoway)

Ručno iskopavanje (44SN22) - ugljik u okrugu Southampton datira pretke Indijaca Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) u okrugu Southampton, Virginia, na oko 1580. Vjeruje se da je to mjesto postojalo 900. godine.

Indijsko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) uspostavilo je prvi etno-povijesni kontakt s Englezima 1607.-1608. U današnjoj županiji Nottoway, Virginia. Englezi su tražili informacije vezane za ostrvo Roanoke -"izgubljenu koloniju". Godine 1607. pleme je nazvano Man-goak ili Men-gwe od strane "Algonquian Speakers" Powhatanske konfederacije i dalje navedeno u gornjem lijevom kvadrantu na istoimenoj mapi Virginije Johna Smitha iz 1607. pod istim imenom u današnjoj županiji Nottoway.
Kolonijali su dali imena drugim indijanskim plemenima na osnovu onoga što su Indijanci s kojima su prvi put kontaktirali nazivali druga plemena, kao što su, govornici Algonkvijana koji su nazivali Cheroenhaka, NA-DA-WA ili Nottoway kako ih percipiraju kolonijalci. U sedamnaestom stoljeću Indijanci (domoroci) iz Virdžinije bili su podijeljeni u tri jezičke grupe: govornici algonkijskog jezika, govornici siuana i govornici irokeze.

U 17. stoljeću plemena koja govore irokezi zauzela su zemlje istočno od linije pada na unutrašnjim obalnim ravnicama jugoistočne Virdžinije. Ova plemena su bila Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), Meherrin i Tuscarora. Godine 1650. po mliječnim proizvodima Jamesa Edwarda Blanda, Nottoway Indijanci su govornici Algonquiana nazvali NA-DA-WA, koje su kolonijalci vratili u Nottoway.

Kolovoz 1650. Bland je naišao na dva indijska sela Cheroenhaka (Nottoway): Prvi grad koji se nalazi u današnjoj okrugu Sussex u blizini Rowantee Branch / Creeka bio je „Chounteroute Town“. U to vrijeme Chounteroute (Cho-un-te-roun-te) je bio kralj /načelnik Nottowaysa. Drugi grad, Tonnatorah, nalazio se na južnoj strani rijeke Nottoway gdje se sadašnja linija okruga Sussex - Greensville spaja s rijekom.

Pravo ime plemena je Cheroenhaka (Che-ro-en-ha-ka), što znači "Ljudi na račvanju pare". Područje smještaja plemena bilo je mjesto gdje se rijeka Nottoway račva s rijekom Blackwater da bi formirala rijeku Chowan - dakle "Ljudi na račvanju potoka".

Indijsko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) potpisalo je tri ugovora: Ugovor iz 1646. 1677. i STAVNO SAMO Ugovor od 27. februara 1713. Ugovor „Samostalan“ 1713. potpisan je između kolonijalnog namjesnika Spotswooda i poglavara indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway). “Ouracoorass Teerheer”, zvani William Edmund Edmond, kako ga nazivaju kolonijalci. Navedeni ugovor ima „klauzulu o nasljedniku“. Naša plemenska vlada (Vijeće) tvrdi da je klauzula o nasljedniku značila da se priznati odnos plemena s kolonijalcima od 1713. do 1775. godine nastavlja s Commonwealtha Virginije počevši od 1776. do danas.

Plemenski ratnici indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) udružili su snage s Baconom u onome što je postalo poznato kao zloglasna pobuna Nathaniela Bacona iz svibnja 1776. što je rezultiralo padom otoka Occaneechee / Indijanaca na rijeci Roanoke.

Sredinom 1680-ih, indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), zbog zadiranja kolonijalaca i izbjegavanja rata s drugim plemenima, seli se iz Nottoway grada Ta-ma-hit-ton / Tonnatorah u okrugu Sussex do ušća u Močvara Assamoosick u današnjem okrugu Surry, a opet sredinom 1690 -ih preselila se dalje niz Assamoosick prema današnjem Courtlandu i Sebrellu u tadašnjem okrugu Isle of Wight - trenutno u okrugu Southampton.

1705. Kuća Burgess (sada Dom delegata) dodijelila je dva kolosijeka indijanskom plemenu Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) - Krug i kvadratne pruge koje se sastoje od oko 41.000 jutara zemlje rezervata. Tragovi kopna pali su u okvire tadašnjeg okruga Isle of Wight - sada okruga Southampton. Napomena: Okrug Southampton pripojen je okrugu Isle of Wight 1749.

1711. godine, guverner kolonijalnog potporučnika Alexander Spotswood, zajedno sa 1600 naoružanih ljudi, susreo se s indijskim poglavarima Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), nudeći oproštaj “Tribute”, naveden u Ugovoru iz 1677. godine, (Tribute je iznosio 20 dabrovih koža i 3 strijele) ako Indijski načelnici Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) slali bi svoje sinove u "Brafferton", školu za Indijance na koledžu William i Mary.

Iako su se Cheroenhake plašili da će njihovi sinovi biti prodani u ropstvo, etno-historijski zapisi dokumentuju da je Spotswood 17. novembra 1711. izvijestio da su dva sina ljudi indijskog poglavice Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) pohađala “Brafferton”. Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indijanci "Prezime" i dalje se pojavljuju na popisu za upis "Brafferton" tokom 1750 -ih i 1760 -ih.

U ožujku 1713. Kolonijalno vijeće u Williamsburgu naredilo je da se Meherrin Indijanci pridruže Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indijancima i da se Nansemond Indijanci uključe u Saponije. Svrha: preseliti se na mjesto gdje bi bile manje podložne razlikama s Englezima i za sazivanje misionara u dva naselja za poučavanje svoje djece o kršćanstvu.

10. avgusta 1715. indijski "kralj" Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), William Edmund i 8 velikih ljudi (Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Chief Men)) pozvani su u prijestolnicu u Williamsburgu i stavili pegle i lance na tri dana dok nisu pristali poslati 12 njihove djece pohađa školu u Fort Christiani. 13. avgusta 1715. lanci su uklonjeni i naređeno im je oslobađanje.
10. decembra 1719. godine spisak imena 8 Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) i 12 Meherrin djece dat je Kolonijalnom vijeću u Williamsburgu u Virdžiniji radi pohađanja škole u Fort Christiani u današnjoj županiji Brunswick.

Kolonijalno vijeće je 30. novembra 1720. naredilo da se sakupe sve transakcije sa Indijancima pritocima ili stranim Indijancima i da službenik vijeća sakupi sve negacije s Indijancima od prvog naseljavanja kolonije.

7. i 8. aprila 1728. godine William Byrd posjetio je grad indijanskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) na zemljištu za rezervacije plemena u današnjem Courtlandu u Virdžiniji. Opisao je kako su muškarci i žene izgledali, pjevali, plesali i odijevali se, prirodu njihovog utvrđenja, duge kuće i posteljinu, uključujući boje koje su žene nosile - crvenu, bijelu i plavu. Byrd je u svojoj mljekari primijetio da je indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) jedino indijansko pleme bilo koje posljedice koje je i dalje ostalo u granicama Virdžinije.

Byrd je primijetio da je utvrda Palisade bila kvadratna oko 100 metara sa svake strane. On je također opisao kako su mladići plesali za njega sa naslikanim licima, pjevajući i držeći korak uz zvuk bureta krvi zategnutog životinjskom kožom. Byrdovi radovi također bilježe kako su žene izgledale u tamošnjoj garderobi (stare djevojke) kako bi uključile bijele i plave perle od kauča u svoju pletenu kosu i oko vrata. Pisao je o crvenom i plavom ogrtaču od šibica omotanom labavo oko njihovog tijela kroz koji je prodirala njihova koža od mahagonija. Napomenuo je i da će, iako su tužne boje, biti sjajne žene engleskim sadiocima i da će njihova tamna koža izblijedjeti u dvije generacije.

7. kolovoza 1735. indijski tumači, Henry Briggs i Thomas Wynn, za Indijance Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) bili su otpušteni aktom Commonwealtha i istoga dana "prvi" od mnogih ugovora o prijenosu zemljišta za "Circle Tract" kopna ”, koja se dogodila između kolonijalaca i poglavara indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), i trajat će do studenog 1953. godine, sve dok i kružna i kvadratna staza zemljišta (41 000 jutara rezerviranih zemalja) ne budu u rukama Europljana .

19. decembra 1756. George Washington dostavlja pismo časnom Robertu Dinwiddieu u kojem izražava i interes među Indijancima Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) da im pruže određenu pomoć.

Dana 8. ožujka 1759. peticija za plaćanje Tomu Stephu, Billyju Johnu (ima), School Robin i Alec Scholar, koji su svi Indijanci Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), koji su služili pod Georgeom Washingtonom u Francuskim i indijskim ratovima do smanjenja Fort Duquesne.

U julu 1808., guverner Komonvelta Virdžinije naložio je da se izvrši „Poseban“ indijski popis Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) za one Indijance koji žive na preostalim zemljama indijskog rezervata Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) u današnjem Courtlandu u Virdžiniji. - oko 7 000 + preostalih jutara.

Poseban popis proveli su “bijeli” povjerenici u okrugu Southampton. Bili su to Henry Blow, William Blow (potomak Johna Blowa) i Samuel Blunt. Napomena: Nisu popisani svi Indijanci Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) koji žive u rezervatu.

1816. imenovani su novi povjerenici za indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway). Povjerenici ovih teza bili su ovlašteni donositi razumne odluke i propise za vladu plemena i za trošenje novca u povjerenju za njih, što je trajalo sve dok je bilo koji broj plemena živ. Sva preostala sredstva tada bi se trebala uplatiti u javnu blagajnu.

1820. Bivši predsjednik Thomas Jefferson nabavio je kopiju jezika Indijanaca Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) koju je zabilježio John Wood. Wood je jezik snimio 4. marta 1820. od Edie Turner (Wana Roonseraw) koja je živjela u rezervatu plemena u okrugu Southampton, Virginia. Jefferson je kopiju jezika poslao Peteru DuPonceauu iz Philadelphije koji je prepoznao jezik kao irokezijski. 17. ožujka 1820. Jefferson je citiran u članku objavljenom u Petersburškim novinama, "da su od strašnih plemena u državi Virginiji ostali samo Pamunkeys i Nottoways [Cheroenhaka ... WDB] i nekoliko Motoponija."

Prema spisima Alberta Gallatina (Gallatin 1836: 82), Časni James Tresevant (Trezevant), bivši sudac u okrugu Southampton, sastavio je drugi snimak jezika Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) u okrugu Southampton, Virginia, između 1831. i 1836. godine. Tresevant izvještava da je Nottoway ime za sebe bilo Cheroenhaka, ponekad napisano Cherohakah.

1823-24 William Bozeman zvani Billy Woodson čije je ime bilo navedeno na posebnom indijskom popisu Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) 1808. godine, Napomena: Billy Woodsonov otac je bio bijelac-Michal Boseman), podnio je tužbu sudu okruga Southampton da ostane preostali Cheroenhaka ( Nottoway) Indijske rezervacije Zemlje podijeljene na "slobodne i jednostavne" između Indijanaca Cheroenhaka (Nottoway).

Dana 5. februara 1849. indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) ispunilo je apartmane u okviru Višeg suda suda i kancelarije okruga Southampton okruga Commonwealth Virginia Circuit protiv Jeremiaha Cobba. Svita je ispunjena u ime indijskih plemenskih članova Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) i svih ostalih članova navedenog plemena od strane povjerenika plemena (bijeli), James W. Parker, G.N.W. Newsom i Jesse S. Parham.

Dana 8. novembra 1850., sudac Rich H. Baker, sud okruga Southampton donio je presudu u korist indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), a 3. ožujka 1851., kao svjedok Littletona R. Edwardsa, službenika navedenog suda, dodijelio je Cheroenhaku (Nottoway) Indijsko pleme 818,80 USD sa kamatom od 1. juna 1845.

Kao rezultat uspješnog sudskog postupka 1851. godine, Komonvelt Virdžinije u okružnom Vrhovnom sudu i kancelariji okruga Southampton County, Virginia PRIZNALA je indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), okrug Southampton, kao pleme i nikada nije , budući da je navedeno vrijeme, zakonom, aktom, prijedlogom zakona ili politikom negiralo svoj plemenski status.

1825. -1850., Kada su posljednji dijelovi Rezervacijske zemlje nestajali u rukama Europljana, mnogi članovi plemena s prezimenima Artis, Bozeman, Turner, Rogers, Woodson, Brown, Boone, Williams preselili su se u ono što je postalo poznato kao "Umjetnik" Town ”u blizini današnjeg Riverdale Roada u okrugu Southampton, Virdžinija. Njihovi potomci nastavljaju živjeti tamo kao plemenska zajednička grupa sve do kasnih 1990 -ih dijeleći svoje tradicije i običaje domorodaca - lov, hvatanje zamki, štavljenje kože, ribolov, poljoprivredu i uzgoj svinja, od kojih neki još uvijek posjeduju zemlju u spomenutom Artis Town -u.

Indijsko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) jedino je "irokezijsko pleme" koje još uvijek živi u Komonveltu Virdžinije i koje tvrdi da ima stalno dokumentiran status "DRŽAVA PRIZNANO". [Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) indijansko pleme protiv Jeremiah Cobb, 3. ožujka 1851., okružni vrhovni sud i kancelarija okruga Southampton County).
Godine 1877. nekih 575 jutara plemenske zemlje u okrugu Southampton podijeljeno je između pet indijskih porodica Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) čiji potomci i dalje žive u okrugu Southampton, u Virdžiniji.

Godine 1965., 66, & amp 69 69 izvršeno je iskopavanje naselja Hand Hand Settlement (44SN22), u okrugu Southampton, Virginia, off hwy 671, pri čemu je uklonjeno 131 131 "dokumentirano" grobno tijelo (kosti) Indijanaca Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) i postavljeno na policu u kutijama u Smithsonian National Natural History Museum, Washington, DC. Svi ostaci bez skeleta smješteni su u Odjelu za historijske resurse, Richmond, Virginia.

Dana 23. februara 2002. godine, historijsko indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), okrug Southampton, Virginia, reorganizirano je okupljanjem porodičnih grupa indijanskih potomaka Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) i porodica koje još uvijek žive u okrugu Southampton.

U maju 2002. uspostavljena je plemenska vlada izborom plemenskog poglavara i članova Vijeća. Poglavica Walt "Red Hawk" Brown izabran je za prvog modernog načelnika. On je peti "hraniteljski" praunuk kraljice Edith Turner (1734-1838) zvane "Wana Roonseraw" i 4. praunuk Marije "Polly" Woodson Turner zvane "Kara Hout" (hraniteljica kraljice Edith Turner) i Pearson Turner.

Prvo Chewenhaka (Nottoway) indijansko pleme Pow Wow i okupljanje održano je na prostoru Muzeja poljoprivrede i šumarstva okruga Southampton, Courtland, Virginia, 24. jula 2002. godine i nastavilo se svake godine na sajmu okruga Southampton četvrtog vikenda Jula kao proslava „žetve zelene kukuruza“. 7. decembra 2002. indijsko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) podnijelo je Pismo namjere Birou za indijske poslove (BIA) u kojem je najavilo da će podnijeti zahtjev za priznanje savezne države. Datum stupanja na snagu veb stranice BIA je 30. decembar 2002. godine.

Dana 29. jula 2003. godine, sud okruga Southampton, Virginia, izdao je dozvolu poglavaru Walteru Davidu “Red Hawku” Brownu, III, kao poglavaru indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), sa svim zakonskim pravima za obavljanje bračnih obreda za rekao je indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) u skladu s običajima i tradicijom tog plemena i Commonwealtha Virginije.
27. februara 2004. indijski plemenski štit i heraldika Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) zaštićen je autorskim pravima u Kongresnoj biblioteci. (VA 1-256-506)

23. jula 2004. objavljeno je I izdanje časopisa indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) indijskog plemena Southampton County, WASKEHEE, u kojem je dokumentirana etno-povijest plemena koju je napisao i dokumentirao poglavica Walt “Red Hawk” Brown pod naslovom „Kreator Moje srce govori“ i nastavljeno je svake godine nakon toga. Sve je to arhivirano u biblioteci Virdžinije. Pitanje I Waskeheea zaštićeno je autorskim pravom američkog Ureda za autorska prava 3. avgusta 2007. - Reg. #: TX 6-627-973.
Dana 24. jula 2004. godine, izabrano službeno tijelo savezne države Southampton, Odbor nadzornika okruga Southampton, izdalo je pod tim pečat, Proglas o priznavanju indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) kojim je 24. jula te godine proglašen "danom Cheroenhake".

Pleme je 21. septembra 2004. godine, kao jedno od 500 plemena, oko 25.000 domorodaca, učestvovalo u „velikoj povorci“ otvaranja Nacionalnog muzeja američkih Indijanaca u Washingtonu, DC. Načelnik Walt "Red Hawk" Brown intervjuiran je za ABC News, kako je rekao Peter Jennings za "6:30 World News", dajući komentare o tome šta je, kao Indijanac, značilo biti dio velike proslave - video isječak koji se nalazi u historijskoj arhivi plemena. Potpredsjednik Ellis "Soaring Eagle" Wright intervjuisan je za ABC News koji se pojavio u lokalnim vijestima u 12:00 sati.

3. juna 2005. godine država priznata WACCAMAW indijansko pleme Južne Karoline glasala je za zajedničku rezoluciju plemenske vlade WACCAMAW, rezoluciju broj: Joint-HH-06-04-05-001, kojom se priznaje suverenitet Cheroenhake ( Nottoway) Indijsko pleme, okrug Southampton, Virdžinija, potpisano od strane časnog poglavara Harolda D. Hatchera.

Dana 13. juna 2005. godine, Fondacija indijskog plemenskog naslijeđa Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) uključena je kao neprofitna organizacija, 501 (c) 3, entitet indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) iz okruga Southampton, Virginia.

23. jula 2005. objavljeno je drugo izdanje časopisa časopisa indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Southampton Virginia, WASKEHEE koje prikazuje Sporazum Spotswooda s Indijancima Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) 27. februara 1713., uključujući i vokabular plemena kako je zabilježeno autor John Wood 1820. godine. Pitanje II Waskehee -a je 23. aprila 2007. godine pisalo copywrite sa američkim Uredom za autorska prava - Reg. #: TX 6-595-331.

Dana 14. oktobra 2005. godine, „izabrani službenici“ indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), zajedno s ostalim članovima plemena i edukatorima, posjetili su Nacionalni prirodnjački muzej Smithsonian, Washington, DC, na poziv dr. Dorothy Lippert, referentice za slučajeve, Programi repatrijacije i pregledani, u posebnoj prikazu, indijskih “skeletnih ostataka” Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), preuzeti iz ručnog iskopavanja u okrugu Southampton (44SN22). Skeletni ostaci "datirani ugljikom" datiraju iz 1580.

18. januara 2006. indijsko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) ponuđeno Generalnoj skupštini Senata Virdžinije Zajedničkom rezolucijom (SJ) 152, Naslov: Proširenje državnog priznanja na indijsko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway). SN 152 udarila je senatorka L. Louise Lucas, glasovnim glasanjem, 10. februara 2006. godine, u Odboru za senatska pravila, a da nije primila nikakva svjedočanstva predstavnika plemena.

Dana 9. februara 2006. godine, na preporuku senatora Thomasa Normenta, predsjedavajućeg Odbora za pravila Senata, „izabrana plemenska vlada“ indijanskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), okrug Southampton, podnijela je „Pismo namjere“ predsjedavajućem i Članovi Vijeća Virdžinijskog vijeća za Indijance kao službeno obavještenje o namjeri da podnese peticiju Generalnoj skupštini Virdžinije za proširenje državnog priznanja na indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway).

Dana 9. jula 2006, šef Walt "Red Hawk" Brown, kao poglavica indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), okrug Southampton, Virginia, prvi se pojavio u televizijskom dokumentarnom filmu "My Hampton Roads", Wavy TV 10, kako prenosi Andy Fox. Poglavar Red Hawk podijelio je historiju plemena, koja su emitirana na licu mjesta u okrugu Southampton, i prezimena njegovih porodičnih predaka putem televizijskog posjeta porodičnom groblju i farmi, uključujući i školu u jednoj prostoriji do koje su on i njegovi preci hodali dvije milje sa više od pola miliona gledalaca.

Dana 22. jula 2006. objavljeno je III izdanje časopisa indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) indijskog plemena Southampton County, Virginia, WASKEHEE, u kojem je zabilježena posjeta plemena Nacionalnom prirodnjačkom muzeju, Washington, DC, 14. oktobra 2005. godine. , pregledani su skeletni ostaci iskopavanja ručne lokacije. Časopis takođe dokumentuje pisanje Williama Byrda i njegovu posjetu rezervatu plemena u današnjoj županiji Southampton 7. aprila 1728. Pitanje III Waskeheea zaštićeno je autorskim pravom američkog Ureda za autorska prava 11. decembra 2006. - Reg. #: TX 6-506-719.

22. jula 2006. indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) objavilo je svoju web stranicu na cijelom svijetu na kojoj su dokumentirani ustav i podzakonski akti plemena, etno povijesna i aktuelna historija, jezik, događaji Powwow, po imenu plemenski 1808. poseban popis i obrazovne prezentacije.

25. septembra 2006. indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) sprovelo je "javnu" ceremoniju vrha i cijevi uz vrhove rijeke Nottoway na području zgrade okruga Southampton, Courtland, Virginia, gdje su izabrani dužnosnici, Nadzorni odbor , iz pet okruga (okruzi Nottoway, Sussex, Isle of Wight, Surry i Southampton) prisustvovali su tradicionalnoj ceremoniji prolaska kroz cijev Peake i prihvaćanje pojasa Wampum (Ote-ko-a) od poglavice Walta "Red Hawka" Brown. Svih pet županija podnijelo je plemenu Proglase priznanja pod pečatom svojih županija.

U februaru 2007. godine, Nacionalni muzej američkih Indijanaca (NMAI), kao priznanje, dodao je ime indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), okrug Southampton, Virdžinija, „Zidu ​​časti“ NMAI -a, Washington DC. Ime plemena navedeno je na ploči 4.22, linija 20 zida.
Šest godišnjih Pow Wow i okupljanje plemena održano je 21. i 22. jula 2007. na sajmu okruga Southampton, Courtland, Virdžinija, kao proslava 427 godina dokumentovane etno-historije (1580. do 2007.).

21. jula 2007. izdanje IV časopisa Journal of the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) indijanskog plemena okruga Southampton, Virdžinija, WASKEHEE, objavljeno je kao posebno izdanje iz Jamestowna 2007. koje bilježi posjetu kolonijalnog namjesnika guvernera Alexandera Spotswooda 1711. sa 1600 naoružanih ljudi koji pozivaju načelnike da pošalju svoje sinove u Brafferton. Izdanje IV također bilježi prvi zemljišni list, 24. novembra 1735. godine, između Charlesa Simmonsa i Indijanaca Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) sa stvarnim oznakama plemenskih poglavara. Pitanje IV Waskeheea zaštićeno je autorskim pravom američkog Ureda za autorska prava 16. avgusta 2007.- Reg. #: TX 6-820-738.

26. jula 2008. godine objavljeno je izdanje V časopisa časopisa indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) okruga Southampton u kojem je dokumentovana posjeta plemena biblioteci Virginije radi primanja nagrade u ime indijske kraljice Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Edith Turner (Wane 'Roonseraw) 1734-1838. Žurnal bilježi Turnerovu posljednju volju i testament da uključi kopiju transkripcije posebnog popisa iz 1808. Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) indijskog „po imenu“ iz 1808. godine.

20. marta 2009, indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), okrug Southampton, Virdžinija, otkupilo je 100 hektara svog bivšeg rezervatskog zemljišta od 41 000 jutara - ranije Square Tract. Zemljište će se koristiti za izgradnju kombiniranog plemenskog obrazovnog centra i muzeja, interaktivnog indijanskog indijanskog sela "Palisade" s "dugim kućama" - grad Cattashowrock, bogoslužbenog centra i Powwow Grounds.

25. jula 2009. godine objavljeno je VI izdanje časopisa Journal of the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) indijanskog plemena Southampton County Virginia, WASKEHEE, s drugim popisom našeg plemenskog jezika koji je zabilježio John Wood 1820. godine, sa kopijama pisama između Thomasa Jeffersona i Peter DuPonceau koji potvrđuje da govorimo irokezijski.

Dana 10. avgusta 2009. godine, J. Walter D. “Spirit Hawk” Brown, IV, sin načelnika Walta “Red Hawka” Browna, primljen je na koledž Bacone, Muskogee, Oklahoma, na stipendiju američkog Indijca za obećanje - studentska iskaznica A000038451.

Koledž Bacone prvobitno je osnovan 1880. godine kao obrazovani američki Indijanci, "Spirit Hawk" je ušao u istoriju plemena postajući prvi zabilježeni pripadnik plemena, od 1711. godine (The Brafferton) i 1878. godine (Hampton Normal School), koji je pohađao fakultet na škola izvorno izdvojena za obrazovanje američkih Indijanaca.

20. i 21. novembra 2009. godine indijansko pleme Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) sklopilo je partnerstvo sa istorijskim selima First Landing Foundation na rtu Henry, Fort Story, Virginia Beach Virginia i Arheološkim društvom Virdžinije, Nansemond Chapter, i vodilo Zavičajnu istorijsku školu Jesen i dan berbe kukuruza Powwow.

Od maja 2009. do decembra 2009. godine, šef Walt “Red Hawk” Brown, uz podršku drugih članova plemena i Arheološkog društva Virdžinije, Nansemond Chapter, održao je etno -historijske obrazovne prezentacije Indijanaca (specifične za SOL) za više od 2.500 učenika iz različite javnosti škola širom Hampton Roadsa, Richmonda, Southsidea i Zapadne Virdžinije, uključujući razmjenu povijesti, indijske Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) i drugih prapovijesnih artefakata, te govorni jezik indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), okrug Southampton.

Od jula 2002. do decembra 2009. načelnik Walt "Red Hawk" Brown, zajedno s ostalim članovima indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), uključujući podršku Arheološkog društva Virdžinije, Nansemond Chapter, obratili su se više od 500.000 ljudi širom Commonwealtha Virdžinije koju čine studenti, nastavnici, povijesna društva, biblioteke, stručne organizacije, opća javnost i vojna publika na različitim mjestima, u bazama i instalacijama (vojska, mornarica, marinci zračnih snaga) putem prezentacija u učionici na licu mjesta, povijesnih predavanja, Powwows, televizijski dokumentarci, koji dijele historiju i jezik indijskog plemena Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), okrug Southampton, Virdžinija.


Istorija i trivijalnosti

Okrug Nottoway prvo su naselili domaći američki Indijanci iz plemena irokezijskih naroda koji se zovu Nadowa. Nadowa su živjeli uz jedinu rijeku županije, a ime njihovog plemena povezalo se s područjem koje su nastanili. Ovo ime je anglicizirano dolaskom engleskih doseljenika na "Nottoway".

Područje su posjetili istraživači i trgovci već 1650. godine. Engleski doseljenici počeli su naseljavati područje početkom 1700 -ih, donoseći sa sobom svoju tradiciju i običaje. Sredinom 1700-ih većina je zemljišta zauzela i ti su rani stanovnici upravljali samodostatnim farmama i plantažama, iskorištavajući pogodnu topografiju područja i bogatstvo prirodnih resursa. Zajedno sa značajnim brojem zanatlija i radnika iz zapadne Afrike i kontinentalne Evrope, težak zadatak pograničnog života stvorio je neovisno i snalažljivo stanovništvo.

Prije nego što je županija uspostavila vlastitu vladu, bila je poznata kao Nottoway župa, okrug okruga Amelia. Župa Nottoway postala je županija Nottoway zakonodavnim aktom 1788. godine. Županija je, zbog svog povoljnog položaja, sadržavala brojna rana raskršća naselja koja su povezivala novu zapadnu granicu sa stanovništvom na sjeveru i istoku. Izgradnja željeznice također je uslijedila rano, prvi put oko 1850.

Županija je bila mjesto jedne bitke tijekom rata između država, "Bitka na Groveu", koja se vodila zbog kontrole željezničke pruge u Nottowayu (linija koja je služila kao glavna linija opskrbe generala Roberta E. Leeja Armija Sjeverne Virdžinije).

Tri grada okruga osnovana su krajem 1800 -ih, sve vrijeme što je postalo koridor južne željeznice US Highway 460/Norfolk koji dijeli okrug. Industrijalizacija je u isto vrijeme procvjetala, iskorištavajući lakoću uvoza sirovina i gotovih proizvoda. Županijska proizvodnja često je koristila bogate prirodne resurse tog područja, posebno poljoprivredne proizvode, drvo i drvne proizvode.

U 20. stoljeću došlo je do povećanja raznolikosti županije u njenom poljoprivrednom, industrijskom i trgovačkom sektoru. Ova diverzifikacija stvorila je ekonomiju i zajednicu koja odražava stavove, vještine i talente njenih građana. Za to vrijeme u županiji su stvoreni glavni državni i savezni objekti. Tvrđava Pickett, osnovana s izbijanjem Drugog svjetskog rata, smatra se jednim od najboljih vojnih objekata za obuku na istoku.

2013 - sadašnji anestralni tragači i Jeanne Challoner Ova stranica može biti slobodno povezana, ali se ne smije duplicirati bez pristanka. Sva prava zadržana. Komercijalna upotreba materijala na ovoj web stranici je zabranjena. Autorska prava (i) Predatni tragači, na ovoj stranici moraju se pojaviti na svim kopiranim i/ili štampanim materijalima - ako se koriste uz dozvolu domaćina.


Istorija

Okrug Nottoway prvi su put naselili domaći američki Indijanci iz irokezijskog plemena Nadowa. Nadowa su živjeli uz jedinu županijsku rijeku, a ime njihovog plemena povezalo se s područjem koje su nastanili. Ovo ime je anglicizirano dolaskom engleskih doseljenika u 'Nottoway'.

Područje su istraživači i trgovci posjetili već 1650. Engleski doseljenici počeli su naseljavati područje početkom 1700 -ih, donoseći sa sobom svoju tradiciju i običaje. Sredinom 1700-ih većina je zemljišta zauzela i ti su rani stanovnici upravljali samodostatnim farmama i plantažama, iskorištavajući pogodnu topografiju područja i bogatstvo prirodnih resursa. Težak zadatak života na granici stvorio je neovisno i snalažljivo stanovništvo.

Prije nego što je županija uspostavila vlastitu vladu, bila je poznata kao Nottoway župa, okrug okruga Amelia. Župa Nottoway postala je županija Nottoway zakonodavnim aktom 1788. godine. Županija je, zbog svog povoljnog položaja, sadržavala brojna rana raskršća naselja koja su povezivala novu zapadnu granicu sa stanovništvom na sjeveru i istoku. Izgradnja željeznice također je uslijedila rano, prvi put oko 1850.

Županija je bila mjesto jedne bitke tijekom Rata između država, "Bitke na Groveu", koja se vodila zbog kontrole nad željezničkom prugom u Nottowayu (linija koja je služila kao glavna linija opskrbe generala Roberta E. Leeja Armije Sjeverne Virdžinije).

Tri grada okruga osnovana su krajem 1800 -ih, sve vrijeme što je postalo koridor južne željeznice Highway 460/Norfolk, koji dijeli okrug. Industrijalizacija je u isto vrijeme procvjetala, iskorištavajući lakoću uvoza sirovina i gotovih proizvoda. County manufacturing often utilized the area’s abundant natural resources, particularly agricultural products, timber, and wood products.

The 20th century saw an increase in the diversification of the County in its agricultural, industrial and commercial sectors. This diversification created an economy and community that mirrored its citizen’s attitudes, skills, and talents. During this time, major state and federal facilities were created in the County. Fort Pickett, established at the outbreak of World War II, is noted as one the finest military training facilities in the east.

Today, the county continues to enjoy a healthy diversity of people and economic interests. Small business has thrived, as evidenced by the vitality of its three towns. Nottoway manufacturing facilities produce a wide variety of goods.

Throughout its history, Nottoway’s people have remained hard working, industrious and friendly. They are proud of the community that they and those who came before them have created.

  • Site of Civil War “Battle of the Grove”
  • Route of Lee’s Retreat
  • Burial site of Missionary Lottie Moon

--> © Copyright, Nottoway County Historical Association, All rights reserved.


State adds 15 historic sites to the Virginia Landmarks Register

Among 15 places approved for listing on the Virginia Landmarks Register are a site that traces back to Nottoway tribal reservation lands established in the colonial era, a historic district where one of the largest textile mill villages in the South evolved during the 20th century, and a rare surviving former “poor farm” established in the 1890s. The VLR is the commonwealth’s official list of places of historic, architectural, archaeological, and cultural significance.

In Southampton County, the 1.8-acre Millie Woodson-Turner Home Site, located near the communities of Capron and Courtland, is where a farmstead once stood that Nottoway tribal members occupied from around 1852 to 1953. The Woodson-Turner site was part of the Nottoway tribal reservation lands established during the colonial era after the Nottoway entered a treaty with officials of the English Crown. It also is the first identified 19th-century Nottoway house site.

The tribe held Nottoway reservation lands in common until around 1830, when it began distributing allotments of the Nottoway lands to private ownership of tribal members. The Millie Woodson-Turner Home Site was one such allotment, which occurred around 1850. As one of the last remaining farms of the Nottoway’s Indian Town, the site has connection to the living memory of Nottoway descendants today.

After a 1953 chancery court-ordered auction of the land, the site left possession of Nottoway descendants, meaning prior to then the Millie Woodson-Turner Home Site had an uninterrupted indigenous tenancy, making it the only Iroquoian reservation site documented (to date) in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

The listing of the Millie Woodson-Turner Home Site was facilitated by a Multiple Property Documentation (MPD) Form, The Nottoway of Virginia, c. 1650–c. 1953, that the Virginia Board of Historic Resources also approved. The MPD for the Nottoway also will support future nominations of Nottoway-affiliated sites to the VLR and the National Register of Historic Places.

The Nottoway MPD recognizes the Nottoway as indigenous to the interior coastal plain of Virginia and North Carolina and closely related to the region’s other Iroquoian-speakers, the Meherrin and Tuscarora. After intermittent contact with Europeans from around 1560 to 1650, a brisk trade emerged from around 1650 to 1675 between the Nottoway and the English colonists who settled in the eastern Tidewater region.

The Nottoway, along with the Pamunkey, were signatories of the 1677–1680 Articles of Peace negotiated at the Camp of Middle Plantation, later established as the colonial capital of Williamsburg. Through the articles in the agreement, the Nottoway became “tributary” to the English king—a quasi-alliance—that forced the Nottoway and other tribes to acknowledge the dominion of the Crown, but confirmed Indian governments and territories as dependent sovereigns.

The Nottoway tributary status was again confirmed by treaty in 1714 at the conclusion of the Tuscarora War. As stipulated in these treaties, the Nottoway lands were surveyed and two reservations established around their Indian Towns, in the landscape of what is today Southampton County.

In Danville, the roughly 512-acre Schoolfield Historic District encompasses the remaining buildings associated with the mill village of Schoolfield, an independent company town the textile giant Dan River Mills developed southwest of downtown Danville beginning in 1903. The district’s 1,005 historical buildings, largely retaining their original footprint and character, exemplify the industrial, commercial, community, and residential components of a southern mill village, one planned, constructed, owned, and operated by the textile company.

From 1882 until it closed in 2006, Dan River Mills produced cloth for home and apparel. One of the company’s two divisions in Danville, Schoolfield attracted workers, including many women, from the surrounding countryside seeking alternatives to farm work. Schoolfield Village provided for their economic, domestic, social, physical, religious, and educational welfare. The commercial core of the village survives as testimony to Schoolfield’s identity as an independent and self-sufficient community.

The district’s residential section of wood-frame housing for workers reflects the company’s decision in 1917 to hire professional planners and landscape architects to develop a “New Company Town,” one that eliminated the mill as the village focal point through the placement of trees and shrubs or built structures that obscured sight of the mills from the residential area.

Between 1919 and 1930, the company experimented with Industrial Democracy to give workers a voice in the mill operations. Despite this progressive policy, the management and workers of the mill actively excluded African Americans through the company’s employment and housing policies. As one of the largest industries in the city, management at the Schoolfield mills maintained a white majority population and political control in Danville almost as long as Dan River Mills existed.

The surviving section of Mill No. 5, a power plant and dam, water filtration plant, pump house and office, two warehouses, and various other supporting buildings and structures illustrate industrial design during the first half of the 20th century, as well as the mill’s operation as it evolved throughout the 20th century. Schoolfield’s two office buildings, the Italian Renaissance Revival–style 1903 main office, and the 1967 Modernist Miesian-style Executive Office Building, represent the very different periods in which each was constructed. The district also contains the previously listed three-building Schoolfield School Complex and the Schoolfield Welfare Building, as well as six churches and a large cemetery.

In western Virginia, the former Craig County Poor Farm is important for its role in promoting the welfare of the county’s poor and needy residents during its years of operation between 1892 and 1921, and is among the few surviving examples of poor farms or poorhouses in Virginia. The poor farm superintendent’s two-story house, a simple dwelling of frame construction with vernacular Greek Revival elements, stood on the grounds by 1892. Next to the house stands an 1892 poorhouse cottage, one of three residential cottages that stood on the grounds in 1909. The two-bay, two-room cottage is reminiscent of servants’ quarters of the 19th-century era and conforms to the standard poorhouse lodging form in Virginia at the turn of the 20th century. The property also retains from its poor farm period a stone cellar structure, a frame granary-corncrib, the County Farm Cemetery where poor farm residents were buried, and a frame barn.

In 1921, the county sold the farm to a family who used the superintendent’s house as their farmhouse and converted the surviving poorhouse cottage to a chicken house.

In addition to the Schoolfield Historic District, during its meeting Thursday, the Virginia Board of Historic Resources also approved five other districts:

  • The Flat Creek Rural Historic District, in Campbell County, presents an agrarian landscape of roughly 1,201 acres. It covers four primary properties: Flat Creek Farm, established in 1796 and two properties carved out of the former in the 20th century: East Hills Farm, dating to around 1926, and the Saunders Sawmill complex, constructed in 1946 as well as an adjacent ten-acre ensemble consisting of a church, cemetery, and rectory. The district’s range of buildings, sites, and structures illustrate Virginia’s west-central Piedmont agriculture over more than two centuries as well as the rise of sawmilling and ore extraction beginning in the late 1800s. Notable buildings include a collection of five distinct log buildings constructed between 1828 and 1847, including a slave quarters. The district’s collection of varied vernacular domestic, agricultural, and industrial resources represent the different types of households, farming practices, and mining operations in the rural Piedmont from 1797 through 1965.
  • Essex County’s Occupacia-Rappahannock Rural Historic District encompasses a vernacular landscape of more than 44,884 acres that boasts a significant collection of buildings, structures, landscape features, and sites that highlight the evolution of a rural Tidewater community from the early 1700s through the mid-20th century. The Rappahannock River, smaller waterways, and historic roadways defined and shaped the area’s infrastructure and development, giving rise to a cluster of former riverfront plantations, and 19th and early 20th century crossroad communities and farms. The district’s period of significance extends from circa 1730, marking the construction of Glencairn, the oldest house in the district, to 1969, when the population increasingly relied on commuting lifestyles less dependent on agriculture for livelihoods, a trend that began prior to World War II. The district also includes numerous historic sites associated with its African American population.
  • The Saluda Historic District got its start when Middlesex County voters approved a referendum in 1849 to move the county seat from Urbanna to a more central location, Saluda. In 1852, the Middlesex County Courthouse arose on a square where two roads meet, now the heart of the Saluda Historic District. Consisting of about 65 parcels, the district extends mostly along today’s US 33 and US 17 (historically, Gloucester Road). Its oldest house is the circa-1837 Oakenham, constructed for Thomas W. Fauntleroy, who was instrumental in promoting the referendum that relocated the county seat to Saluda. During the 1800s and early 1900s, Saluda retained its village character, one centered on the business of the courts. The first quarter of the 20th century saw prominent individuals construct substantial houses, while the century’s second quarter witnessed the construction of more modest dwellings. The district’s former Antioch Elementary School and the existing Antioch Baptist Church both have important historical associations with Saluda’s African American community.

Two districts recall Virginia’s early railroad history:

  • Chase City Warehouse and Commercial Historic District traces back to a mid-1700s crossroads community in northwest Mecklenburg County. The arrival in 1883 of the Atlantic Richmond and Danville Railroad to Chase City catalyzed rapid commercial development with the town serving the Piedmont area’s tobacco trade, lumber mills, and other agricultural activities. The Chase City Warehouse and Commercial Historic District, consisting of nearly 27 acres, arose quickly along Main Street (Route 47) and rail lines. It recalls the town’s emergence by the early 20th century as the county’s largest center of population and employment for many decades. It also reflects development after a 1903 fire that devastated the town and resulted in an ordinance mandating the use of masonry in building construction. The earliest commercial building in the district dates to 1905 and of particular note are the Southside Roller Mills, circa 1912, and the large Banner Tobacco Warehouse, circa 1915. The circa-1834 Shadow Lawn, a previously listed residence, is the only antebellum building in the district. Incorporated in 1873, the town saw its population begin declining by the late 1960s as economic trends shifted away.
  • Located one block south of West Main Street in Abingdon (Washington County), the Depot Square Historic District began taking shape around 1856 when the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad extended the first railroad through Abingdon and constructed a depot. The railroad made Abingdon a regional center of commerce and trade and boosted the town’s growth. Today’s district consists of seven historical buildings, and a pedestrian bridge erected around 1922. The earliest building, the three-story Hattie House Hotel, now known as the Mercantile Building, was constructed in 1855. Around 1857 the Greek Revival-style Section Master’s House arose in tandem with the construction of the first depot. Also around 1857, the Depot Hotel, a two-story frame dwelling was erected, built by prominent local brickmason and contractor William Fields, who also built the district’s Fields House around 1860. Around 1869, the Virginia and Tennessee Railway built a new Freight Depot in the Italianate style to replace the original one burned during the Civil War. In 1910, Norfolk & Western Railway constructed its passenger depot, a one-story, brick Tudor Revival-style building. The most recent building contributing to the district is a one-story Commercial-style edifice that housed a barbershop and billiards parlor, built in 1922. With its two adjacent train depots serving as the district’s central focal point, the Depot Square Historic District recalls Abingdon’s significant railroad history.

Two high schools constructed during Virginia’s era of segregation also were approved:

  • The George Washington High School in Alexandria has functioned continuously as a school since its construction in 1935 for white students, with funding provided by the Federal Emergency Public Works Administration, one of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal initiatives during the Great Depression. The school is one of the largest and signature examples in Alexandria of Art Deco, a popular style of the period. In 1938 and 1947, south and north wings were added to the main building, and in 1941, the city built a separate Mechanical Arts Building, also executed in the Art Deco style. Alexandria desegregated the school in 1965. Although not historically significant to the school’s listing on the VLR, its notable alumni include: “Mama” Cass Elliot and John Phillips of the 1960s folk-rock group The Mamas & The Papas Jim Morrison, lead singer for the rock group The Doors Willard Scott, a TV personality who was with NBC’s Danas show from 1980 to 1996 Guy S. Gardner, a former NASA Astronaut, and Francis Hammond, a Korean War veteran posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.
  • Jackson P. Burley High School in Charlottesville is named for a local African American educator and community leader. The building represents a rare instance in which two localities—Charlottesville and Albemarle County—sought to achieve “separate but equal” educational facilities during segregation—and at a time when successful legal suits underway elsewhere in Virginia challenged the unequal and overcrowded conditions in black schools. The agreement to construct a new high school for black students resulted from the overcrowded and seriously insufficient facilities for African Americans in both jurisdictions. Opened in 1951, Jackson P. Burley High School proved to be the last substantial effort in Virginia to construct a new and well-equipped separate but equal high school for African American students. That approach ended when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1954 in Brown protiv Odbora za obrazovanje that segregated public schooling was unconstitutional. Architecturally, the Burley school building is one of the first schools in the region designed in the modern Stripped Classical style. In 1967, the city and county ended school segregation, and the building now houses Jackson P. Burley Middle School, now solely owned by Albemarle County.

African American history is also central to another VLR listing in Albemarle County:

  • River View Farm is important for its legacy as a prosperous working farm owned by an African American family, members of a community of black farmers, tradespeople, businesspersons, ministers, and educators centered on Union Ridge and Hydraulic Mills in Albemarle County during the late 1800s. The formerly enslaved Hugh Carr purchased the land in 1870 and built the existing farmhouse around 1880, where he and his wife, Texie M. Hawkins, raised seven children, encouraging them to pursue higher education. Locally, the property’s importance extends as well to its affiliation with Carr’s daughter, Mary, and her husband Conly Greer. Mary Carr Greer became a teacher, then principal for 20 years at Albemarle Training School, the only post–elementary school available to African American students in Albemarle during segregation until 1951, when Jackson P. Burley High School opened for black students. After Carr’s death in 1973, the county in 1974 named a newly built school Mary Carr Greer Elementary. Conley Greer was Albemarle’s first African American agricultural extension agent, a career spanning 1918 to 1953 during which he educated and advised farm families about science-based farming practices the U.S. Department of Agriculture promoted. In 1937-38, Greer used USDA plans when he constructed a large barn that still stands at River View Farm. The Carr farmhouse evolved during the 20th century with a 1915 addition and the incorporation of plumbing, electricity, and central heating and other improvements.

Three VLRs approved are notable for their architectural design:

  • Located in the Sinking Creek Valley of Craig County, Bellevue is a Federal-style two-story brick house updated in the Victorian style around 1900. It is the only antebellum brick house to survive in the county and possibly the only one ever built. The house was constructed for merchant Robert Wiley about 1833. His son, Dr. Oscar Wiley, practiced medicine in a circa 1860 Greek Revival office in the front yard. In the late 1800s, Scottish-born livestock breeder Thomas Bonar Neilson owned the farm and reportedly in 1893 kept there “the largest flock of Shropshiredown sheep in the State.” The house features Flemish and common bond brick construction, and Federal-style detail consistent with the finer houses of the 1810s to 1830s period, the heyday of the style’s popularity in western Virginia. The circa 1900 decorative front porch exhibits exceptional Victorian-era carpentry and millwork. In addition to a cemetery and the foundation for a building of unknown function (possibly a store), the property also features a bunker-like potato storage cellar and a pyramidal-roofed icehouse with sawdust-insulated walls, both constructed during the first quarter of the 20th century.
  • Located in Fairfax County on the highest point of rolling, wooded hills above the Potomac River, Bois Dore, completed in 1951, is the important for its architecture and two designers, Thomas Tileston Waterman, a prominent architectural historian and preservationist, and William Max Haussmann, the chief architect of the National Park Service (NPS) Capital Region between 1952 and 1963. Waterman and Haussmann, notable players in the field of architecture and architectural history, contributed to the practice of historic restoration and to the direct preservation of historic structures, particularly on the East Coast. After Washington socialite Karen Gram Scott commissioned the project, Waterman designed an H-shaped, French Villa-style house and two-car garage with living quarters on the second floor. Since Waterman was not a licensed architect as required by Virginia state building codes, he collaborated with Haussmann with whom he had worked for several decades. Haussmann became the architect of record for the project and completed the designs in 1950. The house remains much as Waterman and Haussmann designed it with original exterior finishes and interior flooring, woodwork, fireplaces, and plaster walls.
  • Located on the Hyco River in south-central Halifax County, Oak Cliff is significant for its diversity of architectural features, which derive from Georgian, Federal, Greek Revival and Gothic Revival styles. Built originally in the Georgian style around 1792 for General Joseph Jones, a Petersburg merchant, planter, and civic leader, the house and property may have served as Jones’s summer residence and base of operations for the management of his upcountry plantations. Oak Cliff’s transitional Federal-Greek Revival details relate to a 1830s remodeling during the ownership of William and Jane Carrington. A wing of the building with Greek Revival detail was added about 1850. On the grounds are a Carrington family cemetery with a decorative iron fence and professionally crafted marble tombstones, as well as the circa 1880s stone abutments of an Atlantic & Danville Railway bridge, and pedestrian-vehicular bridges over the Hyco River, which borders the property.

Also approved for listing on the VLR is Glebe Apartments (now known as Knightsbridge Apartments) in Arlington County. The apartments exemplify the multi-family garden apartment complexes that arose between 1934 and 1954 in Arlington County as a response to the critical need for moderately priced housing for a growing population in the greater Washington D.C. area. That need began in the 1930s with the influx of people who found work with a burgeoning federal government under the New Deal and the government’s subsequent expansion as the U.S. prepared for World War II. Following World War II, the small Glebe Apartments complex, constructed in 1947, provided housing for some of the thousands of veterans, among other people, who settled in the county. Similar to other garden apartments in Arlington, Glebe Apartments incorporated the standards of forward-thinking planners and housing reformers who promoted the benefits of modern, efficient interior floor plans and attractively planned residential communities to people of moderate means. Executed in a Colonial Revival-style, Glebe Apartments’ design specifically met the moderate means of workers and their families.

The Department of Historic Resources will forward the documentation for these newly listed VLR sites to the National Park Service for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places. Listing a property in the state or national registers is honorary and sets no restrictions on what property owners may do with their property. The designation is foremost an invitation to learn about and experience authentic and significant places in Virginia’s history.

Designating a property to the state or national registers—either individually or as a contributing building in a historic district—provides an owner the opportunity to pursue historic rehabilitation tax credit improvements to the building. Tax credit projects must comply with the Secretary of Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation.

Virginia is a national leader among states in listing historic sites and districts on the National Register of Historic Places. The state is also a national leader for the number of federal tax credit rehabilitation projects proposed and completed each year.


History of Nottoway

Nottoway County was first inhabited by native American Indians of the Iroquoian nation tribe called Nadowa. The Nadowa lived along the County’s only river and the name of their tribe became associated with the area they inhabited. This name was Anglicized with the coming of English settlers to ‘Nottoway’.

The area was visited by explorers and traders as early as 1650. English settlers began to populate the area in the early 1700’s, bringing with them their traditions and customs. Most of the land was claimed by the mid-1700’s and these early inhabitants operated self-sufficient farms and plantations, taking advantage of the area’s favorable topography and wealth of natural resources. Together with a substantial number of craftsmen and laborers from west Africa and continental Europe, the difficult task of frontier living produced an independent and resourceful population.

Before the County established its own government, it was known as Nottoway Parish, a district of Amelia County. Nottoway Parish became Nottoway County by legislative act in 1788. The County, by virtue of its favorable location, contained numerous early crossroads settlements connecting the new western frontier with the population centers to the north and east. Railroad construction also followed early, first occurring around 1850.

The County was the site of one battle during the War Between the States, the “Battle of the Grove,” which was fought over control of the rail line in Nottoway (a line that served as a major supply line to General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia).

The County’s three towns were incorporated in the late 1800’s, all along what was to become the U.S. Highway 460/Norfolk Southern Railway corridor that bisects the County. Industrialization blossomed at the same time, exploiting the ease of moving raw materials in and finished products out. County manufacturing often utilized the area’s abundant natural resources, particularly agricultural products, timber, and wood products.

The 20th century saw an increase in the diversification of the County in its agricultural, industrial and commercial sectors. This diversification created an economy and community that mirrored its citizen’s attitudes, skills, and talents. During this time, major state and federal facilities were created in the County. Fort Pickett, established at the outbreak of World War II, is noted as one the finest military training facilities in the east.

Today, the county continues to enjoy a healthy diversity of people and economic interests. Small business has thrived, as evidenced by the vitality of its three towns. Nottoway manufacturing facilities produce a wide variety of goods.

Throughout its history, Nottoway’s people have remained hard working, industrious and friendly. They are proud of the community that they and those who came before them have created.

The future holds great promise for Nottoway County. Its close proximity to the growing edge of Virginia’s “Golden Crescent” will continue to create great opportunity for its “new settlers.”


William FitzGerald, Sr., of “Leinster”

Prince George County, Virginia, and died 1771 in "Leinster, " Nottoway County (then Amelia), Virginia.

Porodica

He married Elizabeth Irby. She was born AFT 1730.

Children of William Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Irby are:

  • i. William Fitzgerald was born 7 JUN 1750 in Amelia County, Virginia, and died 1818 in Nottoway County, Virginia.
  • ii. Thomas Fitzgerald was born AFT 1750 in Virginia.
  • iii.Ÿrancis Fitzgerald was born AFT 1751 in Virginia.
  • iv.žlizabeth Fitzgerald was born AFT 1754 in Virginia.
  • v. Robert Fitzgerald was born BEF 1768 in Virginia.

Biography

From Colonial Families of the Southern States of America: A History and Genealogy . By Stella Pickett Hardy path 217 link

The Virginia family is descended from this branch of the distinguished house of Fitzgerald, though there were other offshoots from the main stem, some of which were early represented in the Colonies.

WILLIAM FITZGERALD, of "Leinster," Amelia Co., Va., dates of birth and death unknown he received a grant from King George II. for 1,700 or more acres of land in Amelia Co., in the year of 1742

MAJOR WILLIAM FITZGERALD, of "Leinster," Amelia Co., Va., eldest son and heir, b. 1749 who inherited the ancesterial home "Leinster," which was named after their old home in Ireland. He was a gallant officer in the Revolutionary War .


Nottoway II ATA-121 - History

Nottoway River (NA-DA-WA JO-KE)

. COVID-19 ALERT.

Governor of Virginia issues additional COVID-19 guidelines, (EO) Executive Order- 55

Tribal Territory is in the State of VA we are affected by EO-55

CATTASHOWROCK TOWN

27345 AQUIA PATH

COURTLAND, VIRGINIA 23837

Phone: 757-562-7760 or 757-354-6839

&ldquoCome See What William Byrd II of Westover, Saw When He Visited Our Land here in 1728 what is now Southampton, County, Virginia"

Visit Cattashowrock Town, a 17th Century replica Native American Palisade Village, as identified by William Byrd II of Westover upon his visit to what is now Southampton County, Virginia on April 7th & 8th, 1728 and walk the interpretative trails guided by signage in our Iroquoian language and in English identifying Native Flora and Fauna indigenous to the area.

SOL Appropriate / Specific

_______________________________

27th Annual Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indian Tribe

Fall Festival &ldquoCorn Harvest&rdquo Powwow and School Day

Datum: November 6th School Day, 7th and 8th Powwow 2020

Lokacija: Cattashowrock Town

Adresa: 27345 Aquia Path

Courtland, Virginia 23837


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